Term used to describe pictorial representations of objects and data using a computer. The term also implies the creation of and subsequent manipulation and analysis of computer-generated imagery and graphics. Computer-generated imagery was developed shortly after the introduction of the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) in ...
American digital type foundry and producer of printed material and graphic design software, which also produces the magazine Emigre. Founded in Sacramento, CA by Zuzana Licko (b Bratislava, 1961) and Rudy VanderLans (b The Hague, 1955), the company was responsible for some of the most recognizable and widely mimicked design and typography of the 1980s and 1990s. ...
Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1958, in Fortaleza.
Painter, installation artist. Multimedia.
José Guedes is a self-taught artist and lives and works in Fortaleza. He uses photographic images and video in his work. In the video installation he showed at the Capc, Musée d'Art Contemporain in Bordeaux in ...
Palestinian, 20th–21st century, female.
Active in England since 1975.
Born 1952, in Beirut.
Sculptor, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.
Mona Hatoum studied graphic design at Beirut University College before settling in London in 1975, during civil war in Lebanon. In London she studied at the Byam Shaw School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art. In the 1980s she began making video and performance works incorporating themes of exile and the body, such as ...
English photographer, sound artist and film maker. He lived from 1972 to 1979 in Poland, spending two of those years studying graphics at the Academy of Science. His experiences in central Europe, at a time of political and social upheaval, had a strong effect on his view of photography as a political medium. His subsequent work articulated his socialist beliefs, often through black-and-white photographs of his friends in Krakow, Poland, or the East End of London; his large photographs were always unique rather than editional prints, stressing their physical identity as handmade objects. These portraits and figure studies (many printed from negatives made years earlier) have a claustrophobic, sparse atmosphere, suggestive of a mentality bound and defined by the weight of its own history. His work often deals with the problems of a mythologizing interpretation of history and highlights the contingency and specificity of the present. In the mid-1990s he worked on a photographic project in Barcelona to describe the experiences and identities of individuals living in communities. This project, ...
South African, 20th–21st century, male.
Born 28 April 1955, in Johannesburg.
Draughtsman, engraver, graphic designer, film producer, sculptor, theatre and opera designer and producer. Multimedia, animated films.
Although William Kentridge has practised his creativity in many domains and in a wide range of media (animated films, land art, sculpture, printmaking, theatre and opera design and production, installations), it is chiefly his large-scale charcoal drawings in process (drawing for animation) and his unique, short, animated films and their projection that have given him international fame....
Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1957, in Hamilton.
Photographer, video artist. Multimedia.
Lewis studied conceptual photography in Europe with Victor Burgin. Through his photographic work, he became interested in social problems, such as feminism, psychoanalysis and the place of art in the public sphere. Since the middle of the 1990s, he has devoted himself to the creation of cinematic works. His first production, ...
French, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 26 July 1956, in Besançon.
Sculptor, installation artist. Multimedia.
Gilles Touyard takes an image from a sales catalogue or a pornographic magazine or a photo reproduction of a work of art and creates a rubber model which he inflates to produce a distorted version of the original. He then goes on to explore various stages of 'inflation' and 'deflation', using the accompanying sounds to suggest breathing. His ...
American typographer and graphic designer. While studying with Charles Bigelow (b 1945) at Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, she assisted him and his partner Kris Holmes (b 1950) with the creation of digital type in their studio, Bigelow and Holmes. As one of a group of hand-chosen students, and with a referral and help from Holmes, she went on to earn an MSc in digital typography from Stanford University. As a pioneer in digital type design, Twombly was among the first to create whole digital typefaces that were based on historically important type that had been used for generations in traditional printing. Her first typeface was Mirarea (...