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Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1727, in Florence; died 1785 or 1790, in London.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Giovanni Battista Cipriani's family were from Pistoia. He was a pupil of Bartolozzi, and perfected his drawing technique by studying the work of Gabbiani. Cipriani was buried in Chelsea cemetery in London, beneath a monument by Bartolozzi. In 1750, he painted the organ screen in the school of the convent of S Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi. Around Pistoia, he painted a ...

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 8 March 1821, in Liège; died 15 February 1906, in Liège.

Painter, engraver, art restorer, art critic. Religious subjects, historical subjects. Church decoration.

He was a pupil at the academies in Liège and in Düsseldorf. He worked on the decoration and restoration of numerous paintings in churches in Liège and along the Meuse. He was the director of ...

Article

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Active in Vienna.

Born 30 March 1848, in Vienna.

Engraver, painter, art restorer. Religious subjects, portraits, figures. Vignettes.

Victor Jasper studied at the academy in Vienna and became one of the most important engravers of his time. Initially, he engraved sculptures for the academy of sciences and archaeological reviews. He also did a frontispiece vignette for Thausing's monograph of Dürer, ...

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born 13 August 1693, in Valencia; died 6 November 1765, in Valencia.

Painter, engraver (burin), art restorer (painting). Religious subjects, portraits.

Hipólito Rovira y Brocandel studied in Rome. He was one of the most distinguished exponents of Spanish Baroque painting and worked for the Dominican church in Valencia....

Article

Flemish School, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1635; died c. 1707 or 1689, in Dublin.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, still-lifes.

Gaspar Smitz moved from The Hague to England shortly after the restoration of Charles II, where he was nicknamed 'Magdalene Smith' because of the large number of paintings of Mary Magdalene he executed. He went to Ireland and made his name. He had as his pupils Maubert and Gawdy of Exeter. He engraved some original prints....

Article

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Born 20 May 1725, in Iglau (now Jihlava, Czech Republic); died 21 November 1793, in Iglau.

Painter, engraver (etching), art restorer. Religious subjects, portraits.

Johann Nepomuk Steiner was greatly influenced by Mengs in Italy. He worked for the churches in and around Iglau, before going on to become court painter in Vienna in ...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1526, in Leeuwarden; died between 1606 and 1609, in Antwerp.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views, interiors, church interiors, gardens, decorative motifs (grotesques), models (buildings).

Prague School.

Hans Vredeman de Vries was a pupil of Cornelis Floris (Cornelis Cornelis de Vriendt) and studied painting in Amsterdam. He was a great traveller and went to Mechelen, to Antwerp in 1549 and again in 1562 and from 1575 to 1585 and then to Leipzig. In 1586, he went to Frankfurt and then Brunswick, where he was based until 1596. In 1591 he was in Hamburg. Between 1592 and 1595 he worked in Danzig (now Gdansk) where he designed the fortifications and some ornamental motifs and also decorated the town hall and a number of churches. Next he went to Prague (1596-1598), to the court of Rudolph II, and to Amsterdam and The Hague. He had two sons, Salomon and Paul, who worked with him....