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Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1875, in Brussels; died 1958, in Brussels.

Painter, engraver.

Symbolism.

Paul Artot studied under Portaels at the art academy in Brussels, and went on a study trip to Italy. He was a member of the Art Circle ( Cercle pour l'Art...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born c. 1880, in Toulouse.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer, draughtswoman. Figure compositions, portraits.

Symbolism.

Jane Atche placed her medieval-looking figures in a gothic setting. However, they were sometimes rendered in light brushwork which belonged more to the Impressionists than the Symbolists....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 February 1930, in Mirande.

Painter, screen printer. Mythological subjects, landscapes, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse from 1948 to 1950, Roger Bénévant settled in Paris in 1950, where he exhibited with the Salon d'Automne in ...

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1872, in Chýnov; died 13 October 1941, in Chýnov.

Sculptor, engraver.

Symbolism.

Mánes Group.

Frantisek Bilek lived in Bohemia, working sometimes in Prague, sometimes in Chýnov. A student at the academy of fine art in Prague from ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Casale Monferrato.

Born 14 March 1859, in Casale Monferrato (Piedmont); died 2 September 1933, in Turin.

Sculptor, engraver. Figures. Groups, monuments.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Piedmont-born artist who is perhaps more properly regarded as being from the Lombard School, insofar as he trained at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. Bistolfi's sculpture has a distinct pictorial edge. His earliest work comprised various groups (for example ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in England.

Born 25 July 1881 or en 1878, in Ukkel; died 1953.

Watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman.

Symbolism.

Jean de Bosschère was a multi-faceted artist whose work constitutes a bridge between literature and the graphic arts. He divided his time between Belgium, France, Italy and especially England, where he lived for many years. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1973.

Born 1920, in the USA, with Mexican parentage.

Painter, lithographer. Figure compositions, nudes, portraits, local scenes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

Bryant worked as a draughtsman in the Pacific during World War II. When he was demobilised in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 April 1862, in Cuisery (Saône-et-Loire); died 1928 or 1929, in Saulieu.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions.

Symbolism.

Gaston Bussière was a pupil of Cabanel, and then of Puvis de Chavannes, at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at the Salon ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1849, in Gournay-sur-Marne; died 1906, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Eugène Carrière took courses at a local art school in Strasbourg from 1862 and at the age of 15 was apprenticed as a lithographer. In 1869, Carrière moved to Paris to study under Cabanel. The Franco-Prussian War of 1870 intervened and he completed his formal education only in 1876. In retrospect, he believed his artistic development was influenced less by these academic studies, which he considered 'sterile' to the extent that they were 'cut off from Nature', than by his exposure to the works of Rubens, Turner, Rembrandt and Franz Hals. Carrière failed to secure a Prix de Rome in 1876 but made a successful debut at that year's Paris Salon and went on to make his mark in 1879 with ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 December 1883, in Novara (Piedmont); died 1 March 1963, in Turin.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, urban landscapes, landscapes with figures, figures, portraits, still-lifes.

Symbolism, Pittura Metafisica (Metaphysical Painting), Novecento Italiano, Magic Realism.

Felice Casorati was the son of an officer. Though he studied law at Padua, he also studied music and painting. He first painted by himself, before turning to the Paduan painter, Giovanni Vianello, for advice. His first exhibit was at the Venice Biennale in 1907. He was considered one of the protagonists, if not the leader, of the Italian Symbolist movement, which at that time included Alberto Martini, Carra, Romolo Romani and Russolo. The group was much influenced by the Viennese Secessionists, French Symbolism, and English artists such as Aubrey Beardsley. The wish to establish a modern Italian painting movement in tune with new trends abroad became apparent at the group's exhibit at the Ca' Pesaro in Venice in 1913. There, Casorati exhibited some 40 works. It is noteworthy that in 1913, the reference to the 'New Style' was somewhat outdated, given that Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, and the beginnings of Abstraction had already appeared elsewhere. Nevertheless, it was this dynamic imperative of the group that gave rise to Futurism, which itself would engender ( ...