Zurbarán, Francisco de
Spanish, 17th century, male.
Born in Fuente de Cantos (Extremadura), baptised 7 November 1598; died 27 August 1664 , in Madrid.
Painter. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.
Francisco de Zurbarán was born in the village of Fuente de Cantos (Badajoz Province, Extremadura). His name suggests a Basque origin. His parents, who were peasants, sent him to Seville in 1614, where he became an apprentice to the painter Pedro Diaz Villanueva for two years. Zurbarán did not join any of the distinguished studios that flourished in the city at the time, and it seems that he borrowed little from the refined style that Francisco Pacheco pursued or the great Italian decorative tradition revived in Spain by Juan de Roelas. He must, however, have known these artists personally and soon been on an equal footing with them. He came to know Pacheco’s son-in-law, the young Diego Velázquez. The two painters would maintain their friendship throughout their lives, although their careers took different directions. In 1617, Zurbarán returned to Extremadura. He established his studio in the small town of Llerena, near his native village, where he married, had several children, and worked for the next 10 years....