Posada, José Guadalupe
Mexican, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 1852, in Aguascalientes; died 20 January 1913, in Mexico.
Engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator.
José Posada was a teacher in Leon, Guanajuato, in 1873. He gave up teaching in 1878, moving to Mexico City to work as an engraver, though it is not known where he acquired his training. In the beginning, he worked for a publisher, illustrating almanacs, liturgies, legends, tales, prayers and even the texts of announcements, engraving on zinc, lead and steel. He espoused progressive ideas, and drew caricatures and satirical drawings for the opposition press. His work was devoted to chronicling Mexican life of the time, and the difficulties of people under the control of large property-owners. The compilation ...