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Article

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1898, in Kuortane; died 11 May 1976, in Helsinki.

Architect, designer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Models (furniture/glass).

Alvar Aalto was adamant that his experience as a painter was an indispensable adjunct to his profession as an architect, noting repeatedly that modern architecture had its roots in painting. As an architecture student, he took private lessons with the Finnish painter Eero Järnefelt. He moved in artistic circles and was frequently to be found in the company of the sculptor Wäinö Altonen and the painters Henry Ericsson and Eemu Myntti. For a period, he also worked as an art critic....

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Normandy at the beginning of the 16th century.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Gaillon School.

In 1507 Adrian du Trait produced various pieces of furniture for the Château de Gaillon, which belonged to the cardinal of Amboise.

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Active in Madridc.1623.

Sculptor (wood).

Best known for his furniture, particularly cabinets and wardrobes.

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1817, probably in Dumfries; died 1876, in Birmingham.

Painter, draughtsman.

William Aitkin moved to Birmingham at around 20 years of age and worked there as a teacher and industrial designer.

Birmingham: James Watt's Room, Birmingham (two drawings)

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1700.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Baptiste Anthéaume made a set of furniture for embroiderers and upholsterers.

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born in Triana.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Antonio Arfián worked in Seville. He started out as a commercial artist and sold his works abroad, mainly to Spanish America. In 1550 he joined the studio of Vargas, who had recently returned from Italy, and worked hard at changing his style, taking advice from Vargas; his efforts were soon rewarded. Among his works is a panel for the high altar of Seville Cathedral (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born February 1903, in Tunis; died 24 January 1978, in Aix-en-Provence.

Painter, architect, decorative designer, designer, poster artist. Wall decorations, stage costumes and sets, furniture, advertising art.

Art et Lumière.

Félix Tahar Marie Aublet was the son of the Orientalist painter Albert Aublet. He was brought up both in Neuilly, France, and in a Moorish palace in Tunis, where the family spent six months of the year. His second forename, Tahar, means 'blessed one' in Arabic. In ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1720.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Bacqueville left a Book of Ornamentations Suitable for Paintings and Furniture.

London (Victoria and Albert Mus.): collection of his designs

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Lorraine.

Sculptor (wood).

Jacques Barat worked in 1577 for the Duchess of Brunswick, providing her with pieces of carved furniture.

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Died 1679.

Sculptor (wood).

In 1668, Jacques Barbe became a member of the Académie de St-Luc in Paris. In 1670, he sculpted four large oak cabinets for the King's furniture store. He worked in St-Germain-en-Laye, Versailles and Clagny.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Wassy (Haute-Marne).

Decorative designer.

Georges de Bardyere designed modern furniture, exhibiting it at the Salon d'Automne and Salon des Artistes Décorateurs in Paris between 1919 and 1934.

Paris (MAM)

Rennes (Mobilier Nat.)

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 10 May 1898, in London.

Watercolourist, miniaturist, draughtswoman.

Winifred Barnes exhibited in Leeds and Manchester. She worked in commercial design.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 14 July 1788, in Lyons; died 24 June 1869, in Lyons.

Engraver.

A silk manufacturer and commercial court magistrate (1843-1845), Balthazar Jean Baron taught himself composition and produced a number of lithographs around 1823 or 1824 before turning to etchings, chiefly of views around Lyons, and of Paris during his business trips to the French capital. He made the acquaintance of Bléry, whose advice helped him appreciate the technique of de Boissieu. His engravings are executed simply and lightly, frequently lack depth and relief, and his figures are awkward. However, he shows a genuine understanding of nature. His engraving work is preserved principally in the Palais des Arts in Lyons and runs to 179 individual pieces, some dry-point engraved and others lightly varnished, all done between ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1 November 1749, in Ferrara.

Sculptor (wood), architect.

Son and pupil of Giuseppe Baseggio; studied under his father in Rovigo and subsequently in Rome. His carved frames and furniture were in great demand. He also worked extensively for churches in the region....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 19th century, in Paris.

Painter, decorative designer.

Exhibited furniture at the Paris Salon d'Automne of 1910.

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 31 October 1957, in Bordeaux.

Architect, designer, draughtswoman. Furniture, rug design.

Martine Bedin was awarded a bursary to study architecture in Florence in 1978, and then graduated from the École d'Architecture in Paris. She began her formal research in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 6 December 1939, in Chicago.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, designer (furniture).

Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Larry Bell grew up in San Fernando Valley. In 1957 he joined the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles with the intention of becoming a draughtsman at Disney. However, inspired by the teaching of Robert Irwin and his peers, he resolved to become a painter and left the school before graduating in ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 13 May 1879, near London; died 7 April 1961, in Sussex.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer, graphic designer. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics, furniture, stage sets.

Bloomsbury Group, Omega Workshops, London Group, Euston Road School.

Vanessa Bell was the daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, the sister of Virginia Woolf and the wife of the art historian Clive Bell. She started her training with the Royal Academician Sir Arthur Cope, and continued it at the Royal Academy of Art under the direction of the American portrait painter John Singer Sargent between 1900 and 1904....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1863, in Belleville.

Painter.

Director of the School of Commercial Arts and editor of various publications on the decorative arts. In 1909, he published a collection of Monograms ( Monogrammes) composed and drawn by himself.