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Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 in France.

Born 22 November 1926, in El Mhaidthe, near Bikfaya; died 9 April 2004, in Paris.

Painter, engraver.

Shafic Abboud set out to become an engineer, but broke off his studies in his third year at the French school of engineering in Beirut in order to study drawing and composition at the Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, female.

Born 1929.

Engraver.

Mariam Abdel Aleem studied at the institute of art in 1954, and also studied engraving and printing in the USA. She was subsequently appointed professor at Alexandria's faculty of fine art.

She has taken part in a number of important group exhibitions, including the Biennale of engraving at Ljubljana and ...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1932, in Istanbul.

Painter, engraver.

Erdal Alantar studied at Istanbul’s school of fine art from 1949 to 1956 and followed courses in fresco painting at Florence’s school of fine art in 1958. He has lived in Paris since 1959, working as a steel worker in the suburb of Ivry from 1966 to 1967. Since 1972, he has taught fine arts....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1964.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Theatre decoration, designs for stained glass and for tapestries.

Mohamed Amich paints pictures of a Tunisia characterised by its traditions, festivals and crafts. Using a particularly wealthy range of colours, he construes and composes his works according to principal sketches and spatial structures, using a systematic approach stemming from Cubism via the teaching or example of André Lhote....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Tantah.

Engraver.

Kamal Amin studied engraving at the arts faculty in Cairo, after which he spent four years in Italy and France developing his skills. He was eventually appointed as assistant in the engraving department in which he had studied....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1952.

Born 10 October 1936.

Painter, engraver.

Ouanès Amor went to live in France at the age of 16. From 1960, he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Robert Chastel. He became Gustave Singier's assistant in ...

Article

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Born 15 December 1940, in Mosul; died 2000, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, architect.

Kafakian Ardash moved to Paris in 1960 in order to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. He appears to have been influenced by the CoBrA group of painters and his work can be identified within the new figurative movement. His works feature expressive deformations and the fragmentation of his subject matter. He frequently based his work on mythical subjects, while the female body, perceived from a sexual-sadistic perspective, also features often in his painting....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, female.

Active from 1900 active in France.

Born 11 September 1875, in Brampton (Ontario); died 1939.

Engraver. Urban landscapes, architectural views.

Caroline Armington was Frank Armington's wife. She engraved etchings or engraved directly on to a plate with accurate lines. She mainly engraved views of Paris and Bruges, but also notable monuments such as the old Trocadero in Paris or the simple Dragon Court, now gone, and from the provinces of France, such as Rouen Cathedral. She and her husband also travelled across Europe and the Middle East as reporters, leaving numerous images of times gone by and often of long vanished urban views. From 1911 she held solo exhibitions in Paris and she took part in the 1935 Salon d'Automne. In 1992 the Canadian Embassy in Paris organised an exhibition of engravings of moments and town views by both Armingtons....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1900 to 1939 active in France.

Born 28 July 1876, in Ontario; died 1941, in New York.

Painter, engraver. Urban landscapes, architectural views.

Frank Milton Armington was Caroline Armington's husband. He studied in Toronto with John Wycliffe Lowes Forster before entering the Académie Julian in Paris, where he was taught by Benjamin-Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris from 1905 to 1936. When war broke out in 1939 he and his wife left for New York. In 1992 the Canadian Embassy in Paris organised an exhibition of engravings of town views by the two Armingtons....

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 12 August 1943, in Beirut.

Engraver, painter, illustrator.

Assadour Bezdikian left Lebanon at the age of 18; he studied at the Pietro Vannucci academy in Perugia during the summer months of 1962, 1963 and 1964, then from 1964 to 1970...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 26 March 1809, in Kentish Town, London; died 13 September 1854, at sea, between Malta and Marseilles.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, writer. Genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, topographical views.

Orientalism.

William Henry Bartlett is thought to have exhibited at the Royal Academy ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 13 April 1946, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

Nouvelle Figuration.

After obtaining his diploma from the school of fine arts in Tunis in 1966, Ben Meftah went on to study engraving at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1966 to 1971...

Article

Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1953.

Born 1931, in Mestghanem.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, painter (gouache), watercolourist. Designs for tapestries.

Abdallah Benanteur began his artistic studies at the school of fine art in Oran, completing them at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris. He settled in Paris in 1953. From 1972 to 1976, he taught in the architecture department of the École des Beaux-Arts and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 11 September 1819, in Étampes (Essonne); died 20 September 1891, in Asnières (Hauts-de-Seine).

Painter, lithographer. Landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Orientalism.

A pupil of Rémon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Gave up his studies in 1841 after competing unsuccessfully for the Prix de Rome. Nevertheless, he exhibited for the first time at the Salon of 1843, where he was well received by the public. His work found sufficient favour with his artist peers that the journal ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver.

Yosl Bergner spent his childhood in Warsaw, and emigrated with his family to Australia in 1937, where he studied at the National Gallery Art School in Melbourne. He settled in Israel in 1951. His early work comprised almost exclusively meticulously-detailed still-lifes, but he soon started introducing human figures into his compositions, frequently set against a backdrop of stone walls or ruins. He was attracted to Surrealism and, in particular to René Magritte, and his work took on a progressively dream-like quality in terms of subject matter, although it remained realistic to the extent that his technique was extraordinarily precise. Typical Bergner compositions feature mirrors which carry infinite reflections of figures who appear only as enigmatic shadows. He exhibited at the São Biennale of 1957....

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 17 January 1929, in Istanbul.

Watercolourist, painter (mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman.

Albert Bitran originally moved to Paris to study architecture, but he soon abandoned it for painting and became a pupil of Fernand Léger....

Article

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Born 9 June 1906, in Westport; died 15 April 1971, in London.

Painter, printmaker, graphic designer.

Artists' International Association, London Group.

James Boswell came to England to study at London's Royal Academy in 1925. In 1933 he joined the Communist Party and became a founder member of the ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France from 1972.

Born 30 May 1960, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

From 1980 to 1985 Meriem Bouderbala studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Aix en Provence. She lives and works in Nice. Her canvases are filled with wide bands of dark colour intersected by lighter bands. She uses greys, blue-greys, beiges and blacks. The material lets itself go from one stroke to another, evoking the weather, the dust, the sand, the light, the grain of the rock....

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...