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Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in China and the United States.

Born 18 May 1957, in Beijing, China.

Artist, architect, designer, curator, publisher, activist.

After spending most of his childhood in the provinces of China, Ai Weiwei moved to Beijing in the mid-1970s to attend the city’s film academy. While there, he co-founded the first of the loose collectives of pro-democracy artists to emerge in the city, known as the Stars Group (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1889; died 1969.

Draughtsman, illustrator.

Self-taught, Alastair lived in Germany and often in Paris, where he was drawn to the study of black magic and transvestism. He worked for European and American publishers, illustrating many literary works by authors including Théophile Gautier, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Laclos, Mérimée, Poe, L'Abbé Prévost, Wedekind and Oscar Wilde....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 19 November 1960, in L’Anse (Michigan).

Book artist, poet, performance artist, publisher, educator. Artists’ books, wallpaper.

Conceptual Art.

Sally Alatalo completed her undergraduate degree in fine art at Kansas City Art Institute in 1982 and her master’s degree in fine art at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 June 1867, in Grenoble; died 1933, in Grenoble.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

André Albertin was a journalist and art critic who learned painting from Laurent Guétal and Ernest Hareux. He exhibited at the various Paris Salons in 1895, 1896 and ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 4 February 1902, in Mexico City; died 19 October 2002, in Mexico City.

Photographer, photojournalist.

Originally working as a copy clerk, Manuel Alvarez Bravo experienced a dramatic shift in his life trajectory when his father gave him a camera in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1935, as the result of an accident.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Landscapes.

Émile Appay was taught by his grandfather, a printer and lithographer, and was also given guidance by Henri Harpignies and Paul Lecomte. From 1922 to 1932 he travelled around several countries in Europe, while helping to make stage sets for the Georges Pitoëff theatre troupe. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris, of which he was a member, and also showed his works in a number of galleries....

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Liverpool; died 1978, in London.

Sculptor, painter, printer. Portraits, cityscapes, still-lifes.

Arnold Auerbach took art classes at the Liverpool Institute as a boy before going on to study at the Liverpool School of Art. He also studied in Paris and in Switzerland. He was enlisted during World War I, but was invalided out of the army in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 May 1923, in New York City; died 1 October 2004, in San Antonio, Texas.

Photographer, photojournalist. Portraits, fashion, news.

Born to a merchant of women’s clothing, Avedon was exposed to fashion and its consumers from an early age. He greatly admired the work of Hungarian fashion photographer Martin Munkasci, who exploited photography’s new ability to capture the immediacy of motion. After serving in the US Merchant Marines ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Draughtsman.

George R. Aylmer contributed illustrations, mainly of historical subjects, to the London Art Journal.

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the UK.

Born 1958, in Georgetown, Guyana.

Video artist, film maker, photographer, journalist, broadcaster. Scratch videos.

George Barber has a BA from St Martin’s School of Art in London (1980) and an MA from the Slade School of Art in London (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Nevers (Nièvre) at the end of the 19th century.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer. Figures.

As well as being an artist, Barillet was also a printer.

Versailles, 26 Oct 1980: Fishermen on the River (1904, oil on canvas, 18 × 22 ins/45.5 × 55 cm) ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Decorative designer.

Madeleine Barillet designed liturgical vestments in a contemporary idiom. She contributed an article to the journal Art Sacré (September 1938) discussing the principles lying behind her work.

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 June 1931, in Milan.

Painter, lithographer.

Bariona travelled the world as a journalist and took up painting comparatively late in life, around 1960. He has participated in group exhibitions in Italy since 1970 and has exhibited in France since ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 3 June 1954, in St Louis (Missouri).

Book artist, educator. Artists’ books.

Carol June Barton earned her BFA in painting from Washington University in St Louis. Working as an administrator at the Glen Echo Park Arts Center, Washington, DC, she was invited to participate in her first artists’ book project. Her book, an edition of 200 titled ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 August 1862, in Gagny; died 1941.

Painter, pastellist. Portraits.

Marcel-André Baschet was the son of the art publisher Ludovic Baschet. In 1879, he attended the Académie Julian and then studied with Jules Lefèbvre and Gustave Boulanger at the École des Beaux-Arts. He was awarded the Prix de Rome in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Illustrator.

Raymond Bergevin was the illustrator and publisher of La Vendée de Clemenceau (1931).

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Illustrator.

This artist was the illustrator and publisher of A. Hérenger's Exorcismes, in the town of Vitrolles.

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1846, in Bologna; died 13 April 1906, in Bologna.

Painter, engraver.

Bignami lived and worked for several years in Florence. Together with his pupils Signorini, Costa and Turletti, he founded the journal Arte in Italia (The Arts in Italy) as a mouthpiece for the younger school of Italian engravers. Bignami also painted a number of landscapes, one of which ( ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 September 1929, in Périgueux.

Painter.

Nouvelle Figuration.

In 1953, Biras took part in the Paris Biennale. The publisher and art critic Gérald Gassiot-Talabot included him in the group known as the Figuration Narrative, which met in 1965, alongside Henri Cueco, Tisserand, Gilles Aillaud, the Spanish painter Eduardo Arroyo, and Fleury. His painting was figurative, and during the 1970s he was highly critical of the social injustices of capitalist society....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Treviso.

Painter, designer, architect.

Bonfante studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera and at the Milan school of architecture. He also devoted a large part of his life to journalism and in 1948, he became a designer. In ...