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Article

Aimi  

Japanese, 9th – 10th century, male.

Active in Kyoto 9th-10th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Aimi was the son and pupil of Kose no Kanaoka, the founder of the Kose school, and a member of the imperial bureau of painting. Like his father he painted mainly Buddhist subjects as well as imaginary scenes....

Article

Arihisa  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Kose no Arihisa was the third son of Kose no Ariyuku and held important positions at court. His works include the portrait of two Mandarins and an image of Benzaiten, Goddess of Fortune. He worked at the temple of Kyoogokokuji in Kyoto between ...

Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born in Yancheng (Henan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures.

Song dynasty.

Chen Yongzhi was a member of the Imperial Painting Academy during the Tiansheng period (1023-1032). A skilful artist, he painted Buddhist and Taoist as well as secular figures and was esteemed for his close attention to detail....

Article

Chinkai  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Born 1091; died 1152.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Fujiwara no Chinkai was a priest at the Zenriji temple in Yamashiro. One of his favourite subjects was Tokai Monju (the Buddha Monju crossing the waves).

Article

Korean, 20th century, male.

Active in Japan.

Born 1909, in Pyongyang.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Fua-Fang Chyun mainly painted statues of the Buddha. He expresses the essence of things rather than the things themselves, especially flowers. He had a solo exhibition in 1955 at Sri Aurobindo International University, Pondicherry, India, and in ...

Article

Emosaku  

Japanese, 17th century, male.

Born in Nagasaki.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Yamada Emosaku was active at the beginning of the 17th century. He was a painter in the service of Lord Matsukura and probably studied western painting with a European missionary in Nagasaki. He was arrested by the shogunate after the famous Shimabara Uprising in ...

Article

Chinese, 9th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 9th century in Chengdu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects. Murals.

Fan Qiong was a painter of religious subjects. He produced many mural paintings after Buddhism was restored in China in 850. His brushstrokes were said to be like wire....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in Paris from 1913, naturalised in 1955.

Born 27 November 1886, in Edogama, near Tokyo, baptised in 1959; died 29 January 1968, in Zurich.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), fresco artist, print artist (including lithography/etching/aquatint), illustrator, decorative artist...

Article

Gensho  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Born 1146; died 1206.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Gensho was a priest at the Getsujo-in temple on Mount Koyasan. He specialised in painting Buddhist subjects.

Tazawa, Yutaka: Biographical Dictionary of Japanese Art, Kodansha International Ltd, Tokyo, 1981.

Article

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Okayama Prefecture; died 1979.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, mythological figures, local figures, portraits.

Hirakushi studied sculpture under Takamura Koun and was soon selected to take part in the Bunten (ministry of education) exhibition and exhibitions at the art institute. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1895, in Matsue (Shimane Prefecture); died 1997.

Painter, engraver (wood). Religious subjects, nudes.

Sosaku Hanga.

The grandson of an architect and son of a carpenter, Hiratsuka graduated from Matsue Commercial School before studying Western painting with Ishii Hakutei and Umehara Ryuzaburo and woodblock printing with Igami Bonkotsu. He exhibited woodblock prints in the ...

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Born c. 900, in Chengdu (Sichuan); died 965.

Painter. Religious subjects, flowers, birds.

Huang Quan was a painter in the service of Meng Cheng of the Later Shu kingdom. He painted religious subjects, both Buddhist and Taoist, but mainly flowers and birds, and it was as a flower and bird painter that he was highly appreciated at the Shu court academy. These paintings are very realistic in their detail and imbued with an intense vitality, thanks to a new technique, the so-called ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Kyoto; died 1948.

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Irie, after studying at the academy of fine art in Kyoto, where he had the opportunity to make numerous copies of the works of the Japanese old masters, became an art master at a private school. In ...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the reign of the Song emperor Shaoxing (1131-1161).

Born in Kaifeng (Henan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, land­scapes.

Jia Shigu was a painter of the Imperial Academy of Painting at Hangzhou, specialising in Buddhist and Taoist figures in the style of Li Gonglin (...

Article

Chinese, 13th – 14th century, female.

Active during the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368).

Painter. Religious subjects.

A Jiajia was probably a nun.

Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born 1040, in Shucheng (Anhui Province); died 1106.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Better known by his style name Li Longmian, which he adopted after the name of a mountain near his native village, Li Gonglin came from an important Jiangnan family. His father, a senior official who had resigned his post, had an important collection of antiques, and it was through studying these that Longmian gained the best of his training. In his turn, he too would become highly skilled in assessing antiques. He started his career in administration while young and would remain in it for thirty years until he was struck down by partial paralysis towards the close of his life....

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Active during the Earlier Shu dynasty (908-925).

Born in Changdu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Li Sheng was a famous landscape painter said to have studied the style of Li Sixun (651-716) early in his career, a theory destined, no doubt, to give weight to a tradition according to which he was in fact the latter’s descendant. Indeed, he was also known as ‘Little General Li’, a sobriquet already given to Li Sixun’s son Li Zhaodao....

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in Ningbo (Zhejiang Province)c.1160-1180.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Like Zhou Jichang, who was active at Ningbo at the same time, Lin Tinggui is known only for a series of 100 hanging scrolls, The Five Hundred Arhats (colour on silk), all of which the two artists painted in ...

Article

Ma Fen  

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Hezhong (Shanxi).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Ma-Fen was a painter of Buddhist and animal figures and a member ( daizhao) of the academy of fine arts in the court of Kaifeng in about ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 29 July 1943, in Sano City (Tochigi Prefecture).

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Matsumoto Tetsuo began to study design under the direction of Tsukahara Tetsuo. He graduated in fine arts from Utsunomiya University in 1968 and became a high school art teacher. He studied with Konno Tadaichi in ...