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Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 19 November 1889, in Verdun; died 25 June 1972.

Painter, draughtswoman, humorist artist, watercolourist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Church decoration, furniture, frescoes, designs for tapestry, posters, costumes.

The third child of Edouard Branly, a doctor, Elisabeth Branly trained with Claire Chevalet, as well as with Jacques Cancaret at the Académie Julian until ...

Article

Flemish School, 18th century, female.

Born 29 August 1690, in Bruges; died 14 September 1747.

Painter, embroiderer. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Anna Louise de Deyster copied the works of her father Lodewyk so skilfully that her copies cannot be distinguished from the originals. She wrote a biography of her father. A landscape artist, she also painted churches, did embrodery work and was a musician....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1869, in Wachbach bei Mergentheim; died 1926, in Dresden.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Murals, designs (furniture, fabrics, carpets).

Jugendstil.

Otto Gussmann first attended classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart, then at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin under Max Koch. After this, he entered the academy in Berlin, where he was supervised by Josef Scheurenberg. In ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 7 March 1781, in Berlin; died 8 April 1853, in Berlin.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

Kolbe was the son of a gold embroiderer and a relation of his namesake Carl Wilhelm the Elder. As with the latter, it was on the advice of Chodowiecki that he pursued an artistic career and became one of his students at the academy. In ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France, from 1946 in Brazil.

Born 30 April 1904, in Petrograd (now St Petersburg).

Painter. Portraits, figures, landscapes, winter landscapes. Murals, stage sets, designs for fabrics, church decoration.

Vladimir Krivutz studied at the School of Fine Art in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) under Sergei Sudeikin and Leon Bakst, and at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He worked in Paris until the mid 1940s. As a painter, his preferred subjects were rainy and snowy scenes, and destitution and needy children....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Died 1655, in Paris.

Painter, engraver (etching), embroiderer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects.

Nicolas de La Fage is mentioned in 1648 as 'embroiderer and ordinary painter to the king'. He produced etchings, which include: Mary with the Child; the same subject after A. Carracci; the same subject with the arms of Navarre and the arms of France and those of Anne of Austria (probably to mark the occasion of the birth of Louis XIV); ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Florence.

Painter. Church decoration, tapestry designs.

Giuseppe Moriani was a pupil of A. Giusti. From 1729, he was a painter at the Manufacture Royale des Gobelins, the famous Parisian tapestry firm.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....

Article

Flemish School, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 28 June 1577 , in Siegen (Westphalia), Germany; died 30 May 1640 , in Antwerp.

Painter, etcher, draughtsman. Historical subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Wall decorations, church decoration, ornaments, designs for tapestries.

Antwerp School.

Peter Pau(we)l Rubens came from a rich bourgeois family from Antwerp. His father, Jan Rubens (b. 13 March 1530, d. 1 March 1587 in Cologne, Germany), was a doctor of civil and canon law, an alderman in Antwerp, and a man of considerable culture who had lived in Italy for seven years. On 29 November 1561, he married Marie Pypelynckx (b. 20 March 1538, d. 15 November 1608 in Antwerp) and fathered seven children by her. Although he was born a Roman Catholic, Jan Rubens belonged to the Reformed (Calvinist) church. He campaigned against the tyranny of the Duke of Alba and, as a result, was obliged to flee the Low Countries in 1568, seeking refuge in Cologne. Following an affair with his employer’s second wife, the Protestant Princess Anna of Saxony, which resulted in a pregnancy, he was banished to Siegen in Westphalia. Rubens was finally allowed to return to Cologne after posting bail to the sum of 6,000 thalers, and on 15 May 1578, he settled his family into a modest house in which he was destined to spend the final nine years of his life - under constant surveillance by the agents of the House of Orange-Nassau. It was during this time that his son, Peter Paul Rubens, commenced his Jesuit education. In the interim, Jan Rubens had had a change of heart and, on his return from imprisonment, abjured Protestantism. On his death in 1587, he was buried at the St Peterskirche in Cologne. His wife, Marie, left Cologne in March 1589, a virtual pauper as a result of the vindictiveness of the House of Orange-Nassau, and returned to Antwerp with her children....

Article

Italian, 18th century, female.

Born 14 December 1729, in Padua; died 18 June 1763, in Padua.

Painter, embroiderer. Portraits, religious subjects.

Maria Scanferla painted a St Teresa and a portrait in pastels of Pope Clement XIII.

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1583, in Coreggio; died c. 1650, in Rome.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, engraver (etching), calligrapher, miniaturist, decorative designer, writer. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes. Designs (embroidery).

Giovanni Luigi Valesio, the son of a Spanish soldier, began his colourful and varied career as a dancer, later becoming a decorative painter. In 1610, he became a pupil of Ludovico Carracci, who encouraged and developed his talent as a miniaturist, fresco artist and draughtsman. He is recorded as being in Rome in 1621, where he produced a series of remarkable embroidery designs for the Countess Lodovisi. He was also secretary to Cardinal Lodovisi, from whom he received a number of important commissions when the latter became pope, as Gregory XV....