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Article

A. H.  

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A. H. was a copyist of Albrecht Dürer. A print dated 1589 is attributed to him: The Virgin Crowned with Stars, after the work by Dürer.

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Active between 1512 and 1561.

Painter, engraver (wood), illustrator. Religious subjects.

Erhard Altdorfer is believed to have been the brother of Albrecht Altdorfer. The latter mentions him in his will, dated 12 February 1538, as a citizen of Schwerin. Erhard was a painter to the court of Prince Henry the Peaceful and accompanied him to a royal wedding in Wittenburg. This occasion is believed to have given him the opportunity to meet Lucas Cranach, whose influence can be detected in some of his works. In 1516 he painted an altarpiece in Sternberg, Germany, which has been lost. In a 1552 letter to the young Duke John-Albert of Mecklenburg, he gives the impression of having been an architect along with his brother. Erhard Altdorfer is known today for his wood engravings, some of which are signed with a monogram formed by an intertwining of the letters ...

Article

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 14 April 1803, in Vienna; died 15 January 1887, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, illuminator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Biedermeier.

Amerling was from a poor family and had to overcome numerous obstacles in order to get his artistic career under way. He began by illuminating geographical maps and doing line engravings. In ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 17 December 1791, in Schinznach; died 14 May 1849, in Munich.

Engraver (burin/etching), draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits. Frontispieces.

Samuel Amsler learnt basic drawing skills from Wildegg, and was later a pupil of burin engraver Oberkogler in Zurich, and Johann Heinrich Lips and Karl Hess at the academy in Munich. In 1816, he went to Rome with painter Joh. Anton Ramboux and became friends with and an associate of Overbeck, Cornelius, Thorvaldsen and other young artists of the Nazarene school. This is how he and his friend Barth came to engrave the frontispiece of Cornelius's ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 12 December 1821, in Penouillet; died 30 January 1892, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, animals.

Pierre Andrieu studied under and collaborated with Eugène Delacroix, working at the Château de Guermantes and restoring Delacroix's ceiling in the Apollo Gallery in the Louvre. He made a major contribution, alongside his mentor, to the decoration of the former Hôtel de Ville in Paris. Preliminary studies and sketches for this project now in the Hôtel de Ville attest to his ability. Andrieu also produced a large number of small paintings, watercolours and pen-and-ink studies, typically of lions and tigers. He was a prolific book illustrator, often in the form of pen-and-ink drawings which betray a highly sensitive touch. His drawings are of particular interest. Béraldi also makes particular reference to his small but attractive ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 1881, in Ringwood (Hampshire); died 1972.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (etching), illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Having studied at the Birmingham School of Art, Armfield went on to study in Paris with Raphael Collin, Dauchez and Prinet. From ...

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1435; died 1504.

Painter, miniaturist, illuminator, writer, printer. Religious subjects.

School of Alsace.

Hans Baemler's name appears for the first time in 1453. He established himself in Augsburg as a printer. His name appears on two miniatures, a Crucifixion...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Norwich, baptised 5 June 1754; died 21 or 6 December 1828, in Hatfield, in very reduced circumstances.

Engraver (etching and stippling), illustrator, printmaker, draughtsman. Portraits, architecture, mythology, religious subjects.

The son of John Baldrey the Elder, John Baldrey the Younger entered the Royal Academy School to study engraving in ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Lucerne.

Born 27 November 1828, in Abtwil.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Balmer learned the basics of design in the workshops of a goldsmith in Sins in the canton of Aargau, before moving to Anton Bühler's studio in Lucerne. In ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Carpi.

Born 1682; died 1767.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A skilled copyist who provided templates for two engravings on the theme of the Descent from the Cross by Giuseppe Benedetti of Bologna and Pietro da Belluno.

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 20 February 1889, in Geneva; died 1954 or 1955, in Geneva.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Barraud studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Geneva and at the same time took evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts under Pierre Pignolat. At first he worked in advertising as a designer and he was only able to dedicate himself fully to painting after 1913. He was a member of the ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1618, in Marseilles; died 18 September 1678, in Rome, in poverty.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (burin), illustrator. Religious subjects, landscapes, seascapes.

Dominique Barrière had a considerable output, engraving in all styles. His first plate is dated 1640, in Strada's book On the Belgian War...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Florentine School.

Bartolommeo di Giovanni was a Florentine painter, active from 1483 to 1511. It has been possible to establish firm authorship of only one of his works: in an archive record of a contract dated ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Strasbourg; died 1640, in Vienna.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, miniaturist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes.

Pupil of the miniaturist and engraver Friedrich Brentel. He travelled to Italy around 1626, visiting Rome and Naples, and was influenced by Callot and Stefano della Bella. Baur made 11 plates for the first volume of ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1812, in Lannion (Côtes-d'Armor); died 12 January 1888, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Son of the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Beaumont, who entrusted his son's education to the painter Boissellier. Boissellier encouraged his pupil to model several statuettes, but Charles Edouard expressed a clear preference for painting. Accordingly, it was as a landscape painter that he first exhibited at the 1838 Salon with a ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1480, in Augsburg; died 1542, in Augsburg.

Painter, engraver, illuminator, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Augsburg School.

Both alone and in collaboration with his son, Leonhard Beck made numerous illuminations and woodcuts. He is believed to have assisted Holbein the Elder. Received as a master in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...