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Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Baku.

Painter. Genre scenes, portraits.

Trained at the school of fine art in Moscow by the determined proponent of Socialist Realism Sergei Gerassimov, Mikhail Abdullaiev became one of the official painters of the Stalin and Brezhnev regimes, providing portraits and historic scenes in a style inherited from 19th-century academicism. His paintings were displayed in official exhibitions across the USSR. He taught in Baku....

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 25 July 1922, in Riga, Latvia; died 1 March 1983, in Riga, Latvian SSR (now Latvia).

Painter and theorist. Historical, still-life, cartographic, environmental, and abstract subjects.

Ojārs Ābols distinguished himself in later years by transcending political orthodoxy and stylistic parochialism in his own work and by enabling colleagues and younger artists to do likewise. His studies began under modernist Romans Suta at Riga’s Second Gymnasium ...

Article

Afrika  

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born c. 1960, in Novorossick.

Painter.

Sots Art.

Afrika belongs to the generation that had begun to find its feet during the liberalisation enjoyed under the Gorbachev regime. 'Sots Art' is the relative Russian parallel to the American-European Pop Art movement. The young Russian artists preserved the iconic subject matter of official Stalinist art, yet stripped it of its meanings in order to use it as a purely three-dimensional element....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Clermont-Ferrand; died 18 June 1989, in Rochefort-Montagne.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Socialist Realism.

He exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts from 1930 onwards, the Salon des Indépendants from 1935, and the Salon d'Automne from 1942...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1882; died 1938.

Painter. History painting.

Socialist Realism.

Avilov was a professor at the I.Repin institute in Leningrad. His Stalin Inspecting the Cavalry is at the Central House of the Soviet Army.

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Berdiansk; died 1989.

Painter. History painting, portraits.

Socialist Realism.

Piotr Petrovich Belousov settled in Leningrad (now St Petersburg) in 1929 attending the I.Repin institute from 1934 to 1939. He is known as one of the finest portraitists of Lenin. The official channels continued to offer him solo exhibitions, even during the breakdown of the constraints of Social Realism as an ideological vehicle for the Party. Solo exhibitions of his work were held in ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1906.

Painter. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Socialist Realism.

Jeno Benedek trained between 1927 and 1936. He had several solo exhibitions and became a professor at the fine arts school and the school of decorative arts.

Budapest (Magyar Nemzeti Gal.)

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Kiev; died 2000.

Painter. Scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Max Birstein studied at the institute of arts in Moscow with Sergei Gerasimov. A socialist realist to begin with, he then changed style, moving towards a Post-Impressionism along the lines of his elders, Robert Falk and Atychler. Birstein mounted many collective and solo exhibitions since ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1895, in Nizhniy Novgorod; died 1959, in Moscow.

Painter. Figures, portraits, scenes with figures.

Socialist Realism.

AKhRR (Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia).

Having studied at the Moscow institute and at the Higher Artistic and Technical Studios, Fedor Semienovich Bogorodsky depicted the Soviet people - peasants, workmen, soldiers of the Red Army - in naturalist compositions. He took part in exhibitions organised by the Union of Revolutionary Russian Artists. In ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1911; died 1985.

Painter. Figures, urban landscapes, flowers.

Pavel Boronkin studied at the Ilya Repin Institute in Leningrad (now St Petersburg) and painted conventional subjects, marked by socialist realism; he has exhibited from 1950.

Moscow (State Tretyakov Gal.)

St Petersburg (Gosudarstvennyj Russkij Muz.)...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 5 September 1933, in Sverdlovsk or according to some sources in Saratov.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Sots Art.

Erik Vladimir Bulatov has lived in Moscow since a very young age; a pupil of Petr Dmitrievich Pokarzhevsky from 1952 to 1958...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1887, in Hronov nad Metuji; died March 1945, in Bergen-Belsen, Germany, in the concentration camp.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures. Stage sets.

Socialist Realism.

Groups: Mánes, Skupina Vytvarnych Umelcu (Group of Plastic Artists).

Josef Capek was the brother of the playright Karel Capek, the author of ...

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Kiev; died 1986 (or 1979).

Sculptor, print artist, illustrator.

Constructivism, Socialist Realism.

Iosif Chaikov studied in Paris, at the École des Arts Décoratifs, in 1912-1913 at the École des Beaux-Arts, and under the Russian sculptor Naum Aronson from ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Omsk; died 1968, in Moscow.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Socialist Realism.

Nikita Chebakov studied under L. Piminov at the Moscow School of Fine Arts, graduating in 1948, and had his first exhibition in the same year. He was one of the brigade painters under Boris Ioganson who painted ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 1916; died 2002.

Painter, draughtswoman. Nudes.

Tamara Chilovskaia worked in the workshop of her father, a Stalinist architect. The Galerie Patrick Frémeaux in Vincennes posthumously presented an exhibition of her drawings, Forbidden Nudes in 2004. Drawing of nudes was effectively prohibited by the Soviet regime. In these drawings, the artist gives free rein to a fluid, sensual stroke inherited from the Constructivism of Matisse's 1930s....

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Bulgaria.

Painter. Figure compositions, still-lifes.

Socialist Realism.

Spiru Chintilla studied at the institute of fine arts in Bucharest, and then travelled around Eastern Europe. In keeping with Socialist Realism, he often depicted scenes celebrating the lives of workers; he also painted several still-lifes. In ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1935, in Moscow.

Collage artist.

Sots art.

Son of the artist Semen Chuikov, Ivan Chuikov studied at the Surikov Art Institute, Moscow, from 1954-1960 and taught at the Vladivostok Art School from 1960-1962. In 1968 he became a member of the USSR Artists Union. He lives and works in Moscow and Cologne....

Article

Latvian, 20th century, female.

Born 1921, in Riga.

Sculptor.

Socialist Realism.

Lea Davidova-Medene was included in the offical Soviet selection for the Exposition Internationale de Sculpture du Musée Rodin, Paris (1966) where she showed a Portrait of a Soldier characteristic of the state-imposed aesthetic of Socialist Realism, which exalted the worker and glorified heroism....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Kursk; died 1969, in Moscow.

Painter, illustrator, decorative artist, engraver. Figure compositions.

Socialist Realism.

Association of Easel Painters (OST).

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deineka studied at the Kharkov art college, and also with Vladimir Favorsky and Ignati Nivinksy at the Vkhutemas institute (Higher Artistic and Technical Studios) in Moscow. He was a founding member of OST, the Society of Easel Painters, where young painters aimed to reflect the contemporary revolutionary process in their works. They used strong images with striking graphic lines, and contributed to the rise of easel painting, monumental art, illustration and the production of theatre décors. In 1928, he was a professor in the lithograph department in the graphic arts faculty of the Vkhutein and in the same year he painted a large canvas entitled ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1901, in Moscow; died after 1932.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist. Figure compositions.

Socialist Realism.

Groups: Soiuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), Association of Easel Painters (OST).

From 1911 to 1917, Nikolai Fedorovich Denisovsky was a pupil at the Stroganov school of art and industry, and of Georgiy Yakulov at the Vkhutemas in Moscow from ...