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Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 7 January 1830 , in Solingen, near Düsseldorf; died 18 February 1902 , in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer. Figures, local figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, mountainscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals, insects...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1779, in London; died 1851, in Philadelphia.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, winter landscapes, seascapes, naval battles.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Birch settled in the United States around 1793 and initially painted portraits. He later moved on to the depiction of scenes from the ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 2 February 1814, in Boston; died 25 June 1889, in Malden (Massachusetts).

Painter, engraver (wood/copper). Genre scenes, landscapes, waterscapes.

Hudson River School.

Before going to Europe, where he studied in Paris and Florence, George Loring Brown illustrated children's books in Boston. He later returned to Boston and settled there in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1796, in Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania); died 1872, in Jersey City (New Jersey).

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Portraits, genre scenes, local scenes, hunting scenes, animals, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

George Catlin was educated as a lawyer and practised in Philadelphia for two years. He then turned to art study and became a portrait painter in New York City. In the 1820s he decided that he would make it his life's work to record the life and culture of American Indians living on the Plains and in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1807 or 1808, in England; died 1866, in the USA.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, seascapes.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Chambers arrived in the USA in 1832 and took American nationality. A painter of landscapes and portraits in the Naive style, he seems to have taken his inspiration from engravings of scenes of American life and he became well-known in New York in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 4 May 1826 , in Hartford (Connecticut); died 7 April 1900 , in New York.

Painter. Landscapes.

Frederic Edwin Church studied under Thomas Cole in Catskill, New York, and was an admirer of J. M. W. Turner. Keeping New York as his base, he made many journeys that provided him with subjects for his painting. When he returned from South America in 1859, he exhibited a painting that caused quite a stir, ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1816; died 1871.

Painter. Waterscapes, seascapes, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Coates lived in New York City during his active period from 1837 to 1872. Brooklyn and New York City directories from those years list him as Edward, Edmund C., E.C. and E.G. Coates. He painted landscapes of Canada and Italy though it is not known if the artist traveled there or if other works inspired the scenes. He exhibited at the Apollo gallery and association in ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1 February 1801, in Bolton-le-Moors (Lancashire), England; died 11 February 1848, near Catskill (New York).

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes with figures.

Symbolism.

Hudson River School (related to).

Thomas Cole's parents left England when he was 18 and settled in Ohio, where his father became an upholsterer. It is said that he persuaded his father, who had just been bankrupted, to flee from English industrial civilisation to the natural wildness of America. Thomas taught himself to draw, and then left home to seek his fortune in Philadelphia. He initially tried to earn his living as an itinerant portrait painter, a common activity in the early years of American art....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 18 February 1823, in Rossville (Staten Island, New York); died 22 June 1900, in Hastings-on-Hudson (New York).

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, architect. Landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Jasper Francis Cropsey began his career as an architect, but gave up the profession to paint landscapes. He lived in Rome ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1793, in Philadelphia; died 1856, in New York.

Painter, lithographer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Until the age of 30, Thomas Doughty worked as a currier for a leather merchant. He then studied painting from 1814 to 1820. He exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 21 August 1796, in Jefferson Village, now Maplewood (New Jersey); died 17 December 1886, in Maplewood (New Jersey).

Painter, engraver. History painting, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Hudson River School.

Asher Brown Durand, a remarkable artist from a French family that fled to America at the time of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, was a founder of the American National Academy of Design, and served as its president ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 10 July 1823, in Greenfield (New York); died 24 August 1880, in New York.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Landscapes with figures, landscapes.

Sanford Robinson Gifford studied art in Hudson and at the National Academy of Design in New York. He became an associate of the National Academy in 1850 and a member in 1854. He travelled extensively, went to Europe several times and finally settled in New York in 1857....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 11 August 1819, in Lumberville (Pennsylvania); died 4 September 1904, in St Augustine (Florida).

Painter. Genre scenes, portraits, animals, landscapes, seascapes, flowers.

A pupil of Edward Hicks, Martin Johnson Heade started as a painter of portraits and genre scenes. He travelled to Europe between ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1 May 1825, in Newburgh (New York); died 3 August 1894, in Bridge of Allan, Scotland.

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes.

Hudson River School (related to).

George Inness received some training from John Jesse Barker, a travelling artist, but was essentially self-taught by studying works of old masters while travelling in Europe. Through books, he also studied the art of Claude Lorraine. From 1841 to 1843, Inness worked as apprentice with the engraving firm of Sherman & Smith in New York. Inness made his first trip to Europe in 1851-1852, travelling particularly to Rome, followed by another trip during which he received some training from Régis François Gignoux. In 1870 he undertook a third trip, spending three years in Italy. Inness then went to paint a series of landscapes of Etretat cliffs, in 1874-1875....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 22 or 23 March 1818, in Cheshire (Connecticut); died 14 or 16 December 1872, in New York.

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, seascapes.

Hudson River School.

John Frederick Kensett entered Dagget's banknote engraving studio at a very young age, and studied art in his spare time. In ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 19 December 1804, in Gloucester (Massachusetts); died 14 August 1865, in Gloucester.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Seascapes, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Fitz Hugh Lane was partially disabled, and learned drawing and lithography from an engraver in Boston. He worked in advertising between 1830 and 1840 and then devoted himself to pictorial art. He travelled to Boston and in Maine, painting seascapes. He belonged to the second generation of the Hudson River School and liked to reproduce the effects of light on water....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 14 July 1828, in Rondout (New York); died 27 January 1891, in Rondout.

Painter. Figures, landscapes, flowers.

Hudson River School.

Jervis McEntee studied under Frederic Edwin Church who remained a close friend throughout his life. In 1857 McEntee became a charter resident of Richard Morris Hunt's Tenth Street Studio Building in New York. Here he and his wife held weekly salons frequented by artists, writers and actors committed to safeguarding traditional American art in the face of European modernism. His diaries from this period (...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 12 January 1837, in Bolton (Lancashire); died 25 or 26 August 1926, in Santa Barbara (California).

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Figures, local scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Moran was taught by his brother Edward Moran. He travelled around France, England and Italy, then went to North America and settled in New York. He was one of the key figures of the Hudson River School and was influenced by Turner. In 1871 he made his first trip to the western Yellowstone region, joining a USA Geological Institute expedition. In 1873 he went with Major John Wesley to the Grand Canyon, which became one of his favourite sources of inspiration. He also left behind views of important American sites such as Yellowstone, Yosemite, Zion and the Teton range. Moran's landscapes are heavily imbued with a romantic and idealistic spirit. He transforms a vision of wild beauty, for example natural forms and forces aligned with bad weather, into an almost supernatural, but reasoned outburst. A fervent supporter of the early initiatives to create national parks, he is partly responsible for making Americans aware of the need to preserve their natural heritage....

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Chestertown (Maryland); died 24 May 1831, in Philadelphia.

Painter. History painting, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Miniatures.

Hudson River School.

James Peale the Elder was the pupil of his brother, Charles Willson Peale. He worked in Philadelphia from 1783 onwards. Having worked as a cabinet-maker, and served in the Continental Army during the Revolution, he settled in Philadelphia, where he specialised in miniatures until his sight failed. He was one of the so-called naive painters, in spite of the training he had received from his brother....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 29 September 1818, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 17 May 1871, in Cold Spring.

Painter. Mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Pritchard Rossiter began his artistic studies in his home town and established himself there as a portrait painter in 1838. In 1840, soon after being made an associate of the National Academy of Design in New York, he travelled to Europe. Rossiter stayed there five years, visiting London, Paris and Rome. When he returned to America in 1846, he quickly made a name for himself as a painter of historical and religious subjects. In 1849 Rossiter was made a member of the National Academy of Design, then in 1855 he won the gold medal at the Exposition de Paris. He made a second journey to Europe before settling in Cold Spring in 1860....