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Article

Aimi  

Japanese, 9th – 10th century, male.

Active in Kyoto 9th-10th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Aimi was the son and pupil of Kose no Kanaoka, the founder of the Kose school, and a member of the imperial bureau of painting. Like his father he painted mainly Buddhist subjects as well as imaginary scenes....

Article

Arihisa  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Kose no Arihisa was the third son of Kose no Ariyuku and held important positions at court. His works include the portrait of two Mandarins and an image of Benzaiten, Goddess of Fortune. He worked at the temple of Kyoogokokuji in Kyoto between ...

Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born in Yancheng (Henan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures.

Song dynasty.

Chen Yongzhi was a member of the Imperial Painting Academy during the Tiansheng period (1023-1032). A skilful artist, he painted Buddhist and Taoist as well as secular figures and was esteemed for his close attention to detail....

Article

Chinkai  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Born 1091; died 1152.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Fujiwara no Chinkai was a priest at the Zenriji temple in Yamashiro. One of his favourite subjects was Tokai Monju (the Buddha Monju crossing the waves).

Article

Chinese, 9th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 9th century in Chengdu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects. Murals.

Fan Qiong was a painter of religious subjects. He produced many mural paintings after Buddhism was restored in China in 850. His brushstrokes were said to be like wire....

Article

Gensho  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Born 1146; died 1206.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Gensho was a priest at the Getsujo-in temple on Mount Koyasan. He specialised in painting Buddhist subjects.

Tazawa, Yutaka: Biographical Dictionary of Japanese Art, Kodansha International Ltd, Tokyo, 1981.

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Born c. 900, in Chengdu (Sichuan); died 965.

Painter. Religious subjects, flowers, birds.

Huang Quan was a painter in the service of Meng Cheng of the Later Shu kingdom. He painted religious subjects, both Buddhist and Taoist, but mainly flowers and birds, and it was as a flower and bird painter that he was highly appreciated at the Shu court academy. These paintings are very realistic in their detail and imbued with an intense vitality, thanks to a new technique, the so-called ...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the reign of the Song emperor Shaoxing (1131-1161).

Born in Kaifeng (Henan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, land­scapes.

Jia Shigu was a painter of the Imperial Academy of Painting at Hangzhou, specialising in Buddhist and Taoist figures in the style of Li Gonglin (...

Article

Chinese, 13th – 14th century, female.

Active during the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368).

Painter. Religious subjects.

A Jiajia was probably a nun.

Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born 1040, in Shucheng (Anhui Province); died 1106.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Better known by his style name Li Longmian, which he adopted after the name of a mountain near his native village, Li Gonglin came from an important Jiangnan family. His father, a senior official who had resigned his post, had an important collection of antiques, and it was through studying these that Longmian gained the best of his training. In his turn, he too would become highly skilled in assessing antiques. He started his career in administration while young and would remain in it for thirty years until he was struck down by partial paralysis towards the close of his life....

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Active during the Earlier Shu dynasty (908-925).

Born in Changdu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Li Sheng was a famous landscape painter said to have studied the style of Li Sixun (651-716) early in his career, a theory destined, no doubt, to give weight to a tradition according to which he was in fact the latter’s descendant. Indeed, he was also known as ‘Little General Li’, a sobriquet already given to Li Sixun’s son Li Zhaodao....

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in Ningbo (Zhejiang Province)c.1160-1180.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Like Zhou Jichang, who was active at Ningbo at the same time, Lin Tinggui is known only for a series of 100 hanging scrolls, The Five Hundred Arhats (colour on silk), all of which the two artists painted in ...

Article

Ma Fen  

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Hezhong (Shanxi).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Ma-Fen was a painter of Buddhist and animal figures and a member ( daizhao) of the academy of fine arts in the court of Kaifeng in about ...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Hezhong (Shanxi).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures, landscapes.

Qiao Zhong Chang painted religious subjects in the tradition of Li Gonglin (1040-1106). He also painted secular figures and landscapes....

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Activec.933-965.

Born in Guanghan (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, animals.

Qiu Wenbo painted buddhist and Taoist figures but also landscapes and buffaloes, of which one attributed work, Meeting of Intellectuals, remains in the National Palace Museum in Taipei next to a painting by Yan Liben on a similar subject preserved in the Boston Museum of Fine Art. Qiu’s work is also embellished with a landscape....

Article

Rinken  

Japanese, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Rinken painted scenes inspired by Buddhism.

Article

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Ryosen I painted scenes from Buddhism.

Article

Shi Ke  

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Born in Zhendu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures.

Little is known of the life of this artist, a self-styled ch’an Buddhist adept whose extravagant behaviour has passed into legend. According to one document from the first half of the 9th century, Shi Ke was a robust, straightforward fellow who liked to shock people and who preferred to paint rough, jolly rustics. Another text describes him as having absolutely no respect for rules and models. It describes his painting as hideously bizarre - unworthy of attention from civilised people. His work - or at least copies of it - so roundly condemned by the Chinese literati found ready acceptance, even deep appreciation, in Japan. The ...

Article

Shoga  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Active in Kyotoc.1191.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Shoga painted Buddhist subjects. One of his works survives in the Kyoo Gokoku-ji in Kyoto.

Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born in Pengshan (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Sun Zhiwei painted religious figures and Buddhas.