Chinese, 10th – 11th century, male.
Born towards the middle of the 10th century, in Huayuan, now Yaoxian (Shanxi).
Fan Kuan’s biographical details are not well known. He was a landscape painter from northern China. It appears that he did not hold any official position and, after a peripatetic youth, he retreated into the mountain range of Mount Hua to devote himself to Daoism and the contemplation of nature. His work conveys the austere grandeur of the Shanxi mountains. Indeed, it represents the apogee of Chinese landscape painting and is among the most sublime in its entire history....