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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 June 1884, in Montpellier; died 1974, in the Haute-Provence.

Painter, watercolourist. Figures, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Groupe de Puteaux, Paris Dadaist.

Ribemont-Dessaignes began painting around 1904, attending the studio of Jean-Paul Laurens and then the Académie Julian in Paris. He met the sculptor Raymond Duchamp-Villon at the Salon d'Automne, who introduced him into the Puteaux Group with his two brothers Jacques Villon and Marcel Duchamp, and introduced him to Francis Picabia in around ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active from 1941 in the USA and in Switzerland.

Born 6 April 1888, in Berlin; died 1975 or 1976, in Locarno, Switzerland.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), pastellist, collage artist, draughtsman.

Dadaism, Constructivism.

Groups: Die Aktion, Berlin Dadaist, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhR), Novembergruppe...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Drachten; died 1947, in Smallingerland.

Painter.

Dadaism, Constructivism.

Thijs Rinsema ranks as one of the leading (albeit little-known) representatives of Dutch Dadaism. He moved in the same circles as Theo van Doesburg and Kurt Schwitters (whom he first met in 1923) but made a living managing a shoeshop together with his brother, the poet Evert Rinsema....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1948.

Born 14 September 1936, in Kastoria.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, happenings artist, sculptor of assemblages, photographer, mixed media.

Neo-Dadaism.

In 1948 at the age of 12, Samaras arrived in the USA with his family. He became acquainted with Allan Kaprow and George Segal, a major factor in his development, at Rutgers University between ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 21 August 1894, in Miesbach (Bavaria); died 1982, in Stuttgart.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes.

Dadaism, Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Zurich Dadaist Group.

Christian Schad studied for a time in 1913 under Heinrich J. Zügel at the fine arts academy in Munich. Between 1915 and 1920 he frequented a group of writers and artists in Zurich and Geneva, among them Franz Masereel, Alexander Archipenko, Romain Rolland, Hans Arp, Hugo Ball, Emmy Hennings, and other members of the Dadaist circle. In 1920 he moved to Rome and remained there for several years, making friends with Giulio Evola and Enrico Prampolini. He was forced to flee Germany at the advent of the Nazis in the mid-1930s and settled successively in Zurich, Geneva and Italy....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 6 December 1890, in Calw; died 1955, in Munich.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Dadaism, Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Groups: Rihgruppe, Novembergruppe, Berlin Dadaist, Rote Gruppe (Red Group).

Rudolf Schlichter was initially apprenticed as a painter and enameller in a factory in Pforzheim. From 1907 to 1910 he was a pupil at the school of arts and crafts in Stuttgart, then studied as the pupil of Wilhelm Trübner and Hans Thoma at the fine arts academy in Karlsruhe until 1916. After serving during World War I, he returned to Karlsruhe, where he was one of the founders of the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 30 January 1890, in Antwerp, of German origin.

Painter, sculptor.

Dadaism.

Otto Schmalhausen was the brother-in-law of George Grosz. A member of the Berlin Dada group, he acquired the nickname 'Dada-Oz' and founded a kind of Dada Institute in 1920...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 12 October 1939, in Fox Chase (Pennsylvania).

Performance artist, assemblage artist, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Feminist Art, Body Art.

Carolee Schneemann received a BA from Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, and an MFA from the University of Illinois. She also studied at Columbia University School of Painting and Sculpture, New York; the New School for Social Research; and Universidad de Puebla, Mexico. She has taught at the University of Illinois (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 20 June 1887, in Hanover; died 8 January 1948, in Ambleside (Cumbria), England.

Painter, collage artist, assemblage artist, draughtsman, sculptor, engraver. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Dadaism.

Hanover Dadaist Group.

Nothing in Kurt Schwitters’ early work gave any indication of his subsequent career as an innovator. He completed his secondary school studies in Hanover and enrolled at the fine arts academy in Dresden, where he duly attended classes given by K. Banzer, G. Kuehl, and E. Hegenbarth. It would appear that he visited Munich in 1913 and, if that was indeed the case, he may have been influenced by the Expressionists of the...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in England after 1936.

Born 13 June 1875, in Iasi, Moldavia (now Romania); died 23 June 1944, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

Dadaism, Op Art.

Arthur Segal initially studied at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin, and then at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich, from 1896. He travelled in Italy and France from 1902 to 1903 and settled in Berlin in 1904. He became friends with the painter Adolf Hölzel. During World War I he took refuge in Ascona among the Monte Verità commune, where he met Arp, and then in Zurich, where he met up with Jawlensky and the prime movers of the Dada movement. As a result, he collaborated on the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 9 March 1894, in Cologne; died 3 July 1933, in Cologne.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Dadaism.

Cologne Dadaist, Stupid Group, Gruppe Progressiver Künstler (Progressive Art Group).

Franz Seiwert studied at the college of applied arts in Cologne and initially practised as an architect. He took up painting partly out of admiration for Van Gogh, Gauguin and Picasso and contributed to various avant-garde reviews, among them ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1924, in Amagasaki, near Osaka (Hyogo Prefecture), Japan; died 8 April 2008, in Amagasaki, near Osaka (Hyogo Prefecture), Japan.

Painter.

Neo-Dadaism, Action Painting.

Zero, Gutai.

Shiraga Kazuo studied traditional painting at Tokyo Fine Arts and Music University (some sources say the Kyoto Art Academy). In ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 11 November 1892, in Lódz, possibly of Ukrainian origin; died 1943, in Auschwitz.

Painter, print artist. Landscapes, portraits.

Dadaism.

Marcel Slodki was born into a well-to-do family and studied painting in Munich. In 1913, after working in a Berlin theatre, he went to Paris. In ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1928.

Born 19 January 1889, in Davos; died 13 January 1943, in Zurich.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, watercolourist, collage artist, sculptor, designer. Designs for stained glass, marionettes.

Dadaism, Constructivism.

Groups: Zurich Dadaist, Das Neue Leben, Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Die Allianz...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Tokyo.

Sculptor.

Neo-Dadaism, Mono-ha (school of things), Conceptual Art.

Haireddo Senta group.

Takamatsu Jiro finished his training in the painting department at the university of fine arts in Tokyo in 1958. In 1970, he began to exhibit at the Japan Art Festival Association. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1932, in Osaka.

Painter, draughtswoman, installation artist, performance artist. Wall decorations.

Neo-Dadaism.

Groups: Zero, Gutai.

After graduating from art college in Kyoto, Atsuko Tanaka went on to study under the direction of Jiro Yoshihara. Already a member of the Zero...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1888; died 1973.

Engraver, caricaturist, illustrator. Figures, nudes.

Dadaism.

Clara Tice is one of several Dada women artists who have been neglected by art history. Her work appeared at an exhibition that explored the Dada period in New York, entitled ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in Switzerland.

Born 12 May 1886, in Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine); died 20 June 1946, in Zurich.

Painter, engraver. Figures, interiors, urban landscapes, urban views, still-lifes.

Dadaism.

Johann Wilhelm von Tscharner was a student at the academies in Cracow and Munich. He travelled to Poland and Hungary before moving to Switzerland in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in France from the beginning of 1918.

Born 1896, in Moinesti; died December 1963, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman.

Dadaism.

Zurich Dadaists, Paris Dadaists.

A poet and writer, Tristan Tzara founded the Dada Movement in 1916 in Zurich, developing innovative theories, notably the defence of abstract art and photography in many manifestos. He took part in the Paris Dada Movement in France from 1918. Alongside his poetic work he seems to have carried out graphic work as an amateur....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active from 1955 also active in France and in Spain.

Born 14 October 1932, in Leverkusen; died 3 April 1998, in Berlin.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, sculptor of assemblages, performance artist, installation artist, video artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus, Affichisme.

Labor Group...