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Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1500, in Bruges; died 1576.

Painter, illuminator. Religious subjects, portraits.

Bruges School.

Claessins was a pupil of Adrian Becaert and became a master painter in Bruges in 1530. From his marriage to Petronilla Roelants he had three sons, Gillis, Pieter II and Anthuensis, all painters. He continued the tradition of Gerardt David, Ambrosius Benson and Jan Provost, painted a ...

Article

Irish, 20th century, male.

Born 17 March 1889, in Dublin; died 6 January 1931, in Coire, Switzerland.

Painter, stained glass painter, draughtsman, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Harry Clarke studied with his father Joshua Clarke, a stained glass painter, from the age of 16 and at Dublin Metropolitan School of Art ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 June 1886, in Paris; died 8 July 1972, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), pastellist, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes (flowers/fruit). Church decoration, murals, banknotes.

Clément-Serveau studied in Paris at the École des Arts Decoratifs and under Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he was awarded the Chenavard Prize. He began as a Realist but demonstrated an acute awareness of current art trends at the turn of the century. As a friend of Louis Marcoussis, he was not unaffected by Cubism; this is most evident in his dense composition, the superimposition of various 'screens', and the overall reduction of form to geometric shapes, all of which are hallmarks of his style between 1930 and 1950. He subsequently turned to Abstraction, yet contrived to sustain a highly personal sense of harmony and balance in his compositions.He painted outsize mural decorations, notably ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1864; died 1938.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits.

The son of Gustav Paul Closs, he lived in Karlsruhe, Munich, Stuttgart and then Berlin. He studied law and book illustration before launching into large-scale painting. His work covered a wide variety of genres, but in particular portraiture and religious painting....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Le Vésinet.

Painter, engraver, potter, designer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Marianne Clouzot started out as a painter but turned to ceramics from around 1942, favouring religious subjects. She wrote several children's books and a produced a portfolio of 12 etchings entitled ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Died after 1575.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, portraits.

Antwerp School.

In 1549 he was a Master of the Antwerp Guild; his daughter was also a painter. He made copies of the old masters.

Antwerp: Baptism of Christ

Berlin: Descent from the Cross...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Springfield (Ohio); died 1932.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Glenn O. Coleman began working as a newspaper illustrator in Indianapolis but moved to New York in 1905, where he studied under Everett Shinn and Robert Henri. He painted scenes of urban poverty which link him to the Ashcan School. During this period he collaborated with Sloan and Bellows, illustrating ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1560, in Florence; died 1638, in Florence.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, copyist. Religious subjects.

Andrea Comadi's master was the Florentine artist Lodovico Cardi, known as Il Cigoli, although the two artists were more like friends and equals than teacher and disciple. Mariette believes that Comadi and Il Cigoli were both pupils of Alessandro Allori, the adopted son of Agnolo di Cosimo (known as Il Bronzino), and that Comadi merely learned perspective from Il Cigoli. Comadi was a remarkably talented copyist, and Lanzi says that in this field he was 'surpassed by no-one'. In Rome, where he spent most of his life, he copied the works of Raphael with extraordinary accuracy. He also went to Cortona, where he was master to Pietro Berrettini (known as Pietro da Cortona), who later assisted him in several of his works. Comadi drew in pastels and in red and black chalk, imitating Barocci and the style of Correggio....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1869, in Antwerp; died 1941, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Art Nouveau.

Having first studied law, Ghisbert Combaz became a pupil at the academy in Antwerp and a professor at the Brussels academy. He spent most of his life in Antwerp, where he exhibited from 1886 onwards; he also exhibited in conjunction with the association of Art Nouveau artists known as the Libre Esthétique from 1897. As an art historian, he made special study of the art of the Far East. With their sinuous and undulating rhythm, the arabesques in his engravings and posters provide typical examples of the Modern Style....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 5 April 1920, in Paris; died October 1986.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, portraits, sporting subjects, still-lifes, landscapes, seascapes.

Jean-Yves Commère started to learn sculpture while still a child in Angers; he enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1938, where he studied under Jean Boucher and worked with Landowski and Niclausse. By 1942, he had abandoned sculpture in favour of painting....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 28 July 1811, in Leeds; died 21 August 1890, in Bournemouth.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes.

When he first arrived in London, Charles West Cope the Younger attended Henry Sass's school in Bloomsbury. In ...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born between 1470 and 1477, in Oostsanen; died before 18 October 1533, in Amsterdam.

Painter, copyist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits.

Amsterdam School.

Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen was the brother of Cornelis I Buys and the father of Dirck Jacobsz. or Jacobszoon, both of whom were painters. He trained in Haarlem, then moved in about 1500 to Amsterdam, where he was the master of Jan van Scoreel from 1512 to 1517....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1783, in Düsseldorf; died 1867, in Berlin.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), illustrator, decorative designer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, nudes, portraits. Church decoration, murals, decorative designs.

Nazarenes group.

He began by studying at the academy in his native Düsseldorf. According to some sources, he also studied in Munich and in Berlin. At the age of 19 he decorated the church at Reuss with frescoes. In 1811 he went to Rome, where he joined the Nazarenes, who occupied the monastery of Sant'Isodoro where they led a quasi-monastic existence, gaining inspiration for their paintings from the art of the early Italian Renaissance. It is evident that they drew on the same source of inspiration as the English Pre-Raphaelites. In 1816 the Prussian consul general in Rome commissioned the Nazarenes to decorate the Zuccaro Palace. Cornelius was involved in this, painting ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1522, probably in Sens (Yonne); died c. 1594, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Fontainebleau School.

Jean Cousin the Younger was a pupil of his father Jean Cousin the Elder and worked for most of his life in Sens....

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1450; died 1517.

Painter, miniaturist. Religious subjects, portraits.

Guidoccio Cozzarelli was one of the artists who worked on the choir books for Siena cathedral in 1481. Besides these, a large number of portraits and religious paintings are attributed to him, some of which can be seen in the churches of Siena....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 March 1910, in North Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, figure compositions, genre scenes, street scenes. Murals, church decoration, religious furnishings.

Harlem Renaissance.

Allan Rohan Crite studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and then at Harvard University Extension School, Cambridge, Massachusetts. During the Depression, he worked for the Federal Arts Project. He lived in Boston since he was one year old. From the early 1940s, Crite set out to paint the life of the black community in Roxbury and South End, Boston. He also created a number of religious works for churches in the 1930s and illustrated religious books. In particular, he published two books of Negro Spirituals with Harvard University Press, ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1852, in Paris; died 3 July 1929, in Quincey.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-Bouveret studied under Jean Leon Gérome at the École des Beaux-Arts, and also under Corot. He was awarded the second-place Prix de Rome in 1876. He reacted against the Academicism of his teacher, Gérome, by showing a strong preference for the applied arts and Realism; his submissions following his first Salon exhibition, such as ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 26 August 1848, in Paris; died 7 July 1897, in Villerville, in a carriage accident.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, landscapes. Wall decorations, church decorations.

Édouard Joseph Dantan was the son of the sculptor Jean Danton, and trained under Pils and Lehmann at the École de Beaux-Arts in Paris between ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1824, in St-Servais (Finistère); died 20 November 1889.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, flowers. Church decoration, designs for stained glass.

He was self-taught and took part in the Salon de Paris from 1851 onwards. He divided his time between Brittany and Paris, and was a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1892, in Chicago; died 1973, in Plains (Illinois).

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator.

Art Brut.

Henry J. Darger worked as a handyman at the Catholic mission of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who took him in when his father died, and then in various hospitals in Chicago....