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Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Italy.

Born 14 March 1857, in Jerez de la Frontera (Andalusia); died 25 November 1917, in Rome.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Historical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, church interiors, landscapes with figures.

Salvador Sánchez Barbudo Morales worked in the studio of the restorer Pedro Vera. He later studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Seville and was a pupil of José Villegas. He completed his training at the Prado and finally settled in Rome....

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1526 or 1528, in Urbino; died 1612, in Urbino.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Federico Barocci was the great-grandson of the sculptor Ambrogio Barocci da Milano, and son of Ambrogio di Federico Barocci. He was first taught by his father and by the painter Battisto Franco, a Venetian disciple and imitator of Michelangelo. At the age of 20 he left for Rome to complete his studies at Raphael's studio. In Rome he won the patronage of Cardinal della Rovere and worked with Taddeo Zuccaro, who introduced him to Michelangelo. On returning to Urbino he discovered Correggio, whose influence he came under. In 1560, now famous, he returned to Rome where he collaborated with Federico Zucchero on frescoes at the Vatican and on the decoration of the Palazzo del Bosco at the Belvedere. He executed the famous ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1830 or 1832, in Lyons; died c. 1921, in Lyons.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (etching). Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, flowers.

The son of the engraver Jean Balthazar Baron, Stéphane Baron studied first with his father and then with Léon Cogniet in Paris. He exhibited his ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 20 February 1889, in Geneva; died 1954 or 1955, in Geneva.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Barraud studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Geneva and at the same time took evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts under Pierre Pignolat. At first he worked in advertising as a designer and he was only able to dedicate himself fully to painting after 1913. He was a member of the ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1630, of French origin; died after 1684.

Painter, engraver (etching/burin).

Worked in Venice and, in 1667, engraved Paolo Veronese's Adoration of the Shepherds, and Christ with Simon the Pharisee, Filippo Gherardi's Emperor Augustus and the Sybil, and Seleucus and Stratonice at the Bedside of Antiochus...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1618, in Marseilles; died 18 September 1678, in Rome, in poverty.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (burin), illustrator. Religious subjects, landscapes, seascapes.

Dominique Barrière had a considerable output, engraving in all styles. His first plate is dated 1640, in Strada's book On the Belgian War...

Article

Irish, 18th century, male.

Born 11 October 1741, in Cork; died 22 February 1806, in London.

Painter, engraver (etching). Mythological scenes, religious scenes, portraits, animals.

James Barry studied with the landscape painter, John Butts, in Cork. In 1763 he went to Dublin where he exhibited ...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Florentine School.

Bartolommeo di Giovanni was a Florentine painter, active from 1483 to 1511. It has been possible to establish firm authorship of only one of his works: in an archive record of a contract dated ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1725 or 1727, in Florence; died 7 March 1815, in Lisbon.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits.

Francesco Bartolozzi's date of birth cannot be established with any certainty, although it is generally accepted that he was born in 1725 (some biographers say 1727 or even 1730). He was the son of a Florentine goldsmith and was exposed to the fine arts from a very early age. He worked initially for his father who was, effectively, his first teacher in the skills of engraving. Later, he enrolled at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence where he studied drawing and composition under Ignace Hugford and Ferretti. He travelled to Rome, where he copied the Old Masters and, in 1745, to Venice, where he was admitted to the workshop of master engraver Joseph Wagner. The latter proved particularly fond of his young pupil and encouraged him to produce his first work, the engraving of a drawing by G.B. Piazetta entitled ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1 November 1848, in Damvillers (Meuse); died 10 December 1884, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver. History painting, religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, still-lifes.

From early childhood, Bastien-Lepage showed a taste and aptitude for drawing. He was the son of a prosperous farmer who taught and encouraged him. He continued to draw while attending school in Verdun, where the professor of drawing and composition, Fouquet, was impressed by his talent. On leaving school, however, he bowed to his family's wishes and entered the postal service (1867) rather than pursuing a career as an artist. It was soon apparent to him that he could not be both a civil servant and a painter. He promptly left his job with the postal service and started to paint full time. He was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts, where he studied under Cabanel. He made his Salon debut in 1870 with ...

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1636, probably in Rotterdam; died 1684, buried the 24 October in Rotterdam.

Painter (gouache), engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, genre scenes, Still-lifes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Battem's father died when he was very young and his mother in 1640. The painter Jan Daemen Cool became his guardian and probably his teacher too. He went to Utrecht in 1667 and on 10 April that same year he married Marguerite Scheffer, sister of the painter Anton Scheffer. In 1669 he went to Rotterdam with his family and settled there. According to a record of the period, in 1678 the town authorities gave him the sum of 30 florins for the restoration of a painting at the stock exchange. He is known for a number of drawings and etchings....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 26 March 1811, in Frankfurt am Main; died 1883, in Frankfurt.

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

From 1829 to 1834, Johann Balthasar Bauer attended the school of art in Frankfurt. Initially a painter of religious subjects, he later turned to landscapes and portraits. His best-known religious paintings are ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1612, in Pithiviers (Loiret); died 11 July 1663, in Paris, buried the next day in Paris, in the church of St-Sulpice.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Still-lifes, religious subjects, mythological subjects. Designs for tapestries.

Lubin Baugin was born into a well-to-do family, and received training as an artist between 1622 and 1628. On 23 May 1629, he was admitted to the guild of St-Germain-des-Prés as a master painter, at the same time as the Le Nain brothers. About 1632-1633, he went to Italy and set up in Rome, where he married a girl from that city, Brigitte Dasle. A son was born from this union at the end of 1639 or the beginning of 1640. On returning to Paris, he entered the Paris guild in 1641 as a master painter and was admitted to the Académie de St-Luc. He took on apprentices, and between 1643 and 1648 he executed some important orders, including paintings for Notre-Dame de Paris. After the death of his first wife, he remarried in 1645. From 1647 to 1649, he decorated the ...

Article

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Born 1712, in Kufstein (Tyrol); died 1761, in Augsburg.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views.

Johann Wolfgang Baumgartner initially painted landscapes, but went on to become a distinguished painter of architectural subjects. He executed the frescoes for the churches in Gersthofen and Bergen where he painted episodes from ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Strasbourg; died 1640, in Vienna.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, miniaturist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes.

Pupil of the miniaturist and engraver Friedrich Brentel. He travelled to Italy around 1626, visiting Rome and Naples, and was influenced by Callot and Stefano della Bella. Baur made 11 plates for the first volume of ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 3 May 1803, in Rorschach; died 2 February 1875, in Karlsruhe.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes, church interiors.

August von Bayer spent his working life in Munich and Karlsruhe and often exhibited in Berlin and Munich. He was very skilled at depicting interiors and was relatively successful in Germany, his works being much sought after. His best works include ...

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born 1746, in Saragossa; died 1 March 1793, in Aranjuez.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Frescoes, designs for tapestries.

Ramón was a pupil of his brother Francisco, whom he accompanied to Madrid and worked together with him on the frescoes in the Pilar cathedral in Saragossa. He was sometimes Goya's rival in competitions. He drew a great deal of inspiration from Tiepolo. Works attributed to him are: ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1800, in Les Andelys (Eure); died 1870.

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits.

Studied under Baron Gros and exhibited at the Paris Salon, most notably in 1827 and 1831. He left his native town in 1832 to settle in Vernon, returning to Les Andelys some years later. His body of work comprised principally historical and religious themes. His well-balanced compositional sense deserves mention, for example, in his ...