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Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born 1040, in Shucheng (Anhui Province); died 1106.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Better known by his style name Li Longmian, which he adopted after the name of a mountain near his native village, Li Gonglin came from an important Jiangnan family. His father, a senior official who had resigned his post, had an important collection of antiques, and it was through studying these that Longmian gained the best of his training. In his turn, he too would become highly skilled in assessing antiques. He started his career in administration while young and would remain in it for thirty years until he was struck down by partial paralysis towards the close of his life....

Article

LI Lin  

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Activec.1635.

Born in Siming (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Li Lin was a pupil of Ding Yunpeng (f. 1584-1638). He painted Buddhist figures in black and white, and liked to sign his work Longmian Housheng (Longmian returned to life).

Cologne (Mus. für ostasiatische Kunst): ...

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Active during the Earlier Shu dynasty (908-925).

Born in Changdu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Li Sheng was a famous landscape painter said to have studied the style of Li Sixun (651-716) early in his career, a theory destined, no doubt, to give weight to a tradition according to which he was in fact the latter’s descendant. Indeed, he was also known as ‘Little General Li’, a sobriquet already given to Li Sixun’s son Li Zhaodao....

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in Ningbo (Zhejiang Province)c.1160-1180.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Like Zhou Jichang, who was active at Ningbo at the same time, Lin Tinggui is known only for a series of 100 hanging scrolls, The Five Hundred Arhats (colour on silk), all of which the two artists painted in ...

Article

Chinese, 13th – 14th century, male.

Activec.1270-1300.

Born in Zhongshan (Hebei).

Painter.

Liu Guandao painted landscapes, portraits and religious (Buddhist and Taoist) figures. In 1279 he was commissioned to paint the portrait of Kublai Khan.

Beijing (Palace Mus.): Immortals Celebrating the Birthday of Xi Wangmu...

Article

Chinese, 8th century, male.

Activec.730-760.

Born in Jiangan (Shensi).

Painter.

Lu Lengjia is often mentioned as the most important pupil of Wu Daozi (active in about 720-760). He is known for his mural paintings in Buddhist temples, and more generally for works on religious subjects. The municipal museum in Osaka has in its collection a painting of the Ming period which was a copy of a scroll by Lengjia: ...

Article

Chinese, 12th – 13th century, male.

Active at the end of the Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279), in Ningbo (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Lu Xinzhong, a painter of Buddhist figures, is not mentioned in the Chinese texts but is referred to in a Japanese work, the Kundaikan Sayuchoki...

Article

Ma Fen  

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Hezhong (Shanxi).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Ma-Fen was a painter of Buddhist and animal figures and a member ( daizhao) of the academy of fine arts in the court of Kaifeng in about ...

Article

Ma Jun  

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Born in Jiading (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Ma Jun painted Buddhist figures as well as landscapes in the styles of the Tang and Song masters.

Article

Matahei  

Japanese, male.

Painters.

Matahei was the name of a considerable number of Japanese artists whose works which were mass-produced in Otsu, not far from Kyoto, and are known by the name of Otsu-e. As well as Buddhist images, they include subjects such as Young Girl with Wisteria...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 29 July 1943, in Sano City (Tochigi Prefecture).

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Matsumoto Tetsuo began to study design under the direction of Tsukahara Tetsuo. He graduated in fine arts from Utsunomiya University in 1968 and became a high school art teacher. He studied with Konno Tadaichi in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1922.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Matsuzawa Yutaka graduated in architecture from Waseda University, Tokyo, in 1946. In 1955 he went to the USA, where he spent two years studying the philosophy of religion at Columbia University and gave up architecture. In ...

Article

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1718, in Yamanashi Prefecture; died 1810.

Sculptor.

Mokujiki, like the sculptor Enku who died in 1695, was an unorthodox monk and sculptor, an artist and man of religion who was close to the people. At the age of 45 he received the ...

Article

Myoen  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Active in the Nara region.

Died 1199.

Sculptor.

Myoen was the son of Chuen and the principal sculptor of the En School of Buddhist sculpture, which was contemporary with the In School at the end of the Fujiwara period in Nara and Kyoto. Myoen’s En School is also known as the Sanjo Bussho (the Sanjo Buddhist Sculpture Workshop), because Myoen lived in the Sanjo quarter of Kyoto. He bore the title ...

Article

Myotaku  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Born 1308, in Mino; died 9 October 1388, in Kyoto.

Monk-painter.

Myotaku was a painter of the suiboku (ink painting) school. He lived in the Kokusei-ji Monastery in Kyoto and specialised in Buddhist subjects. He was a student of Muso Kokushi and came under the influence of Mushi and Yen Hui....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Nagasaki Prefecture.

Sculptor. Monuments.

Nagare Masayuki began his studies under the aegis of a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto. He subsequently took courses in applied traditional arts at Ritsumeikan University in Japan and became an apprentice to a sword manufacturer. He produced many sculptures for public places in Japan and the USA, notably in New York, San Francisco and Minneapolis....

Article

Japanese, 16th century, male.

Painter.

Some art historians associate or rather identify Nobuharu with Hasegawa Tohaku (1539-1610), even though many details of the latter’s life are obscure. The name Nobuharu appears on several Buddhist portraits and paintings that are characterised by a very fine but slightly sentimental style. It is on account of this sentimentality that other art historians do not identify the two artists with each other....

Article

Qi Gong  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912.

Painter, calligrapher. Landscapes with figures.

Qi Gong was a descendent of the Qing emperor Qianlong (reigned 1736-1796). He was active in Beijing and taught at the Catholic Fu Ren University.

Hong Kong, 30 March 1992: Landscape in the Style of the Master Yuan...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Hezhong (Shanxi).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures, landscapes.

Qiao Zhong Chang painted religious subjects in the tradition of Li Gonglin (1040-1106). He also painted secular figures and landscapes....

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Activec.933-965.

Born in Guanghan (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, animals.

Qiu Wenbo painted buddhist and Taoist figures but also landscapes and buffaloes, of which one attributed work, Meeting of Intellectuals, remains in the National Palace Museum in Taipei next to a painting by Yan Liben on a similar subject preserved in the Boston Museum of Fine Art. Qiu’s work is also embellished with a landscape....