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Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born between 1570 and 1590, in Utrecht; died 1623 or 1624, in Utrecht.

Painter, engraver (?). Mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits, interiors, genre scenes, church interiors.

Utrecht School.

Theodor van Baburen was the pupil of Paulus Moreelse in Utrecht. Between 1617 and 1622 he was in Rome with David of Haen, where he was influenced by the work of the School of Caravaggio, as were Honthorst and Ter Brugghen. For the church of S Pietro in Montorio in Rome he painted three large works: ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 1834, in Paris; died 1880.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer. Church interiors, landscapes.

Charles Bachelier exhibited at the Paris Salons of 1834, 1836 and 1852.


German, 19th century, male.

Born 1782; died 1856, at Schönbornslust Castle, near Koblenz.

Painter, miniaturist, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

A pupil of Januarius Zick and J.L.E. Morgenstern, he painted altarpieces for a number of churches in the Moselle Valley and produced etchings of views of the Rivers Rhine and Moselle. He was best known for his portraits and miniatures. In ...


Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born 1608, in Harlingen; died 27 August 1651, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, group portraits.

Jacob Backer first studied under Lambert Jacobsz. in Leeuwarden, then in 1632 he placed himself under the direction of Rembrandt, with whom he had formed a friendship. He painted mainly historical subjects and executed a large number of portraits, some of which are very close to Rembrandt in their broad and powerful approach. Having established himself in Amsterdam, in 1633 Backer painted the portraits of the directors of the orphanage. He made very fine drawings in black and white chalk, which are still greatly sought after. His painting entitled ...


British, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1909 , in Dublin; died 28 April 1992 , in Madrid.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, role="theme">animals.

School of London.

Francis Bacon’s father was an English racehorse trainer. He spent part of his childhood with his maternal grandmother in Ireland. He suffered from asthma as a child and had no conventional schooling. From ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1581 or 1585, in Parma; died 1647, in Ordogno.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

So many different hypotheses have been advanced with regard to this artist that it is difficult to separate fact from conjecture. Bartsch, for example, questions the dates given for his birth and death, while Campori asserts that Badalocchio was born in Modena, and Malvasia identifies him with ...


German, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1435; died 1504.

Painter, miniaturist, illuminator, writer, printer. Religious subjects.

School of Alsace.

Hans Baemler's name appears for the first time in 1453. He established himself in Augsburg as a printer. His name appears on two miniatures, a Crucifixion...


Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1571, in Rome; died 1644, in Rome.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits.

Giovanni Baglione worked in Rome and Naples and studied under Francesco Morelli and also with Cavaliere d'Arpino and Amerighi. His nickname, Il Sordo del Barozzo, translates as 'the deaf man of Barozzo'....


Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 18 December 1631, in Emden (Westphalia); died 17 November 1708, in Amsterdam.

Painter, draughtsman, calligrapher, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, seascapes, landscapes, winter landscapes.

There is little consensus on the spelling of this artist's name. It has been written variously as Backhuisen, Backhuizen and even Backhysen. Ludolf Bakhuyzen the Elder worked as a calligrapher for a commercial firm in his native town of Emden up to the age of 18. Encouraged by the sale of some drawings he went to Amsterdam and joined the studio of the landscape artist Albert van Everdingen, and later that of Hendrick Dubbels. He soon abandoned landscape painting to concentrate exclusively on seascapes and became a renowned artist during his lifetime. His reputation was such that he was sought by the most powerful monarchs of Europe to teach them art. His distinguished pupils included Tsar Peter the Great, the king of Prussia, the elector of Saxony and probably the grand duke of Tuscany. These rulers commissioned many paintings from Bakhuyzen. Right up to his death the artist demonstrated a forceful determination, even making all his funeral arrangements himself. When he died he left 78 florins to his friends so that they could enjoy a banquet after his death....


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1810, in Zurich; died 2 February 1882, in Fribourg.

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Studied in Munich and in Winterthur, Switzerland. He settled in Fribourg where he painted portraits and religious subjects. He also produced lithographed portraits.



Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1624, in Pistoia (Tuscany); died 30 March 1703, in Rome.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects.

Active in Rome, where he studied under Pietro da Cortona and eventually succeeded him. His work was influenced by Carlo Maratti. Lazzaro Baldi painted numerous frescoes and supplied various paintings for churches in Rome, Perugia, Camerino, Pistoia and Massa. He also produced an etching entitled the ...


British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Norwich, baptised 5 June 1754; died 21 or 6 December 1828, in Hatfield, in very reduced circumstances.

Engraver (etching and stippling), illustrator, printmaker, draughtsman. Portraits, architecture, mythology, religious subjects.

The son of John Baldrey the Elder, John Baldrey the Younger entered the Royal Academy School to study engraving in ...


German, 16th century, male.

Born 1484 or 1485, in Gmund (Swabia); died September 1545, in Strasbourg.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Strasbourg School.

Baldung Grien came from Alsace of a family of some social importance. His father held a position in the bishopric of Strasbourg, one of his uncles was the doctor of Emperor Maximilian and worked in Freiburg-im-Breisgau, while his brother and his cousin - both lawyers - became important officials at the imperial court. As well as his artistic studies, Baldung acquired a solid humanist education while in Strasbourg. He may have worked in the studio of Martin Schongauer, although, like his supposed birth in Weyersheim (a small village in Alsace), this has not been verified. More certain is that he completed his artistic training in Nuremberg between 1505 and 1507 as a pupil of Dürer. The two men quickly recognised each others' talents and remained friends. In 1521, when he travelled to the Netherlands, Dürer took with him several engravings by Baldung, and when he died left his former pupil a lock of his hair (now preserved in the academy in Vienna)....


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 12 July 1666, in Verona; died 21 April 1740, in Verona.

Painter, engraver (burin). Mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

Venetian School.

Trained in the workshops of Giovanni Zeffio in Verona, Antoni Belluci in Bologna and Carlo Maratti in Rome, but worked predominantly in Venice, where he painted extensively for various churches. He also painted for churches in Vicenza, Padua, Verona, Brescia, Bergamo and Cremona, reproducing Corregio's celebrated ...


Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1911 active then naturalised in France.

Born 8 March 1891, in Brest-Litovsk; died 15 June 1934, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes, figures, urban landscapes, landscapes with figures.

The son of a rabbi, Balgley received a religious education but also had a painful childhood, living through pogroms and other atrocities. He was already painting while a medical student in St Petersburg, then decided to devote himself to drawing and painting, and studied at the fine arts school and the Odessa school of architecture at the University of Prince Wladimir Alexandrovich. He went to Paris and settled Montparnasse in ...


German, 19th century, male.

Born 24 July 1801, in Ansbach; died 21 September 1860, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits.

Ballenberger went to Munich in 1831 to study drawing with Friedrich Hoffstadt, at the same time attending the academy of art. In 1833, he moved to Frankfurt where, having formed an association with Philipp Veit, he studied early German art....


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Lucerne.

Born 27 November 1828, in Abtwil.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Balmer learned the basics of design in the workshops of a goldsmith in Sins in the canton of Aargau, before moving to Anton Bühler's studio in Lucerne. In ...


Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1828, in St Andrews (New Brunswick); died 9 January 1901, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Portraits, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Bannister's father was form Barbados and his mother was Scottish. He was born in Canada right after slavery was abolished. He went to live in New York were he was a sailor and settled in Boston in ...


Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born between 1440 and 1450, in Venice; died at the beginning of 1516, in Brussels.

Painter, engraver (burin), draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes.

From 1500 to 1508, Jacopo de' Barbari painted court portraits in Germany. He moved to Nuremberg where he worked in the service of the Emperor Maximilian. Here, as in Venice, he is believed to have collaborated with Anton Kolb. He is also mentioned in Weimar, Wittenberg, Naumburg and Torgau. By 1507 Barbari was in the Low Countries in the service of Count Philip of Burgundy, together with Gossart, whom he protected. In 1510 he executed paintings for Margaret of Austria, ruler of the Low Countries who, in 1511, awarded him a pension for 'debility and old age'. He was almost certainly of German birth and was called Jacob Walch; he is referred to in records by the name ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Carpi.

Born 1682; died 1767.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A skilled copyist who provided templates for two engravings on the theme of the Descent from the Cross by Giuseppe Benedetti of Bologna and Pietro da Belluno.