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Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter (including gouache).

Koso Mitsutaka studied Buddhist religion and philosophy. In 1984 he went to continue his studies in Europe. He exhibits regularly in Japan. In France he has exhibited at the Salon de Réalités Nouvelles and the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, while he has also exhibited in Luxembourg, in the Salon de Printemps....

Article

LI Lin  

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Activec.1635.

Born in Siming (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Li Lin was a pupil of Ding Yunpeng (f. 1584-1638). He painted Buddhist figures in black and white, and liked to sign his work Longmian Housheng (Longmian returned to life).

Cologne (Mus. für ostasiatische Kunst): ...

Article

Chinese, 13th – 14th century, male.

Activec.1270-1300.

Born in Zhongshan (Hebei).

Painter.

Liu Guandao painted landscapes, portraits and religious (Buddhist and Taoist) figures. In 1279 he was commissioned to paint the portrait of Kublai Khan.

Beijing (Palace Mus.): Immortals Celebrating the Birthday of Xi Wangmu...

Article

Chinese, 8th century, male.

Activec.730-760.

Born in Jiangan (Shensi).

Painter.

Lu Lengjia is often mentioned as the most important pupil of Wu Daozi (active in about 720-760). He is known for his mural paintings in Buddhist temples, and more generally for works on religious subjects. The municipal museum in Osaka has in its collection a painting of the Ming period which was a copy of a scroll by Lengjia: ...

Article

Chinese, 12th – 13th century, male.

Active at the end of the Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279), in Ningbo (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Lu Xinzhong, a painter of Buddhist figures, is not mentioned in the Chinese texts but is referred to in a Japanese work, the Kundaikan Sayuchoki...

Article

Ma Fen  

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Hezhong (Shanxi).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Ma-Fen was a painter of Buddhist and animal figures and a member ( daizhao) of the academy of fine arts in the court of Kaifeng in about ...

Article

Ma Jun  

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Born in Jiading (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Ma Jun painted Buddhist figures as well as landscapes in the styles of the Tang and Song masters.

Article

Matahei  

Japanese, male.

Painters.

Matahei was the name of a considerable number of Japanese artists whose works which were mass-produced in Otsu, not far from Kyoto, and are known by the name of Otsu-e. As well as Buddhist images, they include subjects such as Young Girl with Wisteria...

Article

Myoen  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Active in the Nara region.

Died 1199.

Sculptor.

Myoen was the son of Chuen and the principal sculptor of the En School of Buddhist sculpture, which was contemporary with the In School at the end of the Fujiwara period in Nara and Kyoto. Myoen’s En School is also known as the Sanjo Bussho (the Sanjo Buddhist Sculpture Workshop), because Myoen lived in the Sanjo quarter of Kyoto. He bore the title ...

Article

Myotaku  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Born 1308, in Mino; died 9 October 1388, in Kyoto.

Monk-painter.

Myotaku was a painter of the suiboku (ink painting) school. He lived in the Kokusei-ji Monastery in Kyoto and specialised in Buddhist subjects. He was a student of Muso Kokushi and came under the influence of Mushi and Yen Hui....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Nagasaki Prefecture.

Sculptor. Monuments.

Nagare Masayuki began his studies under the aegis of a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto. He subsequently took courses in applied traditional arts at Ritsumeikan University in Japan and became an apprentice to a sword manufacturer. He produced many sculptures for public places in Japan and the USA, notably in New York, San Francisco and Minneapolis....

Article

Japanese, 16th century, male.

Painter.

Some art historians associate or rather identify Nobuharu with Hasegawa Tohaku (1539-1610), even though many details of the latter’s life are obscure. The name Nobuharu appears on several Buddhist portraits and paintings that are characterised by a very fine but slightly sentimental style. It is on account of this sentimentality that other art historians do not identify the two artists with each other....

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Activec.933-965.

Born in Guanghan (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, animals.

Qiu Wenbo painted buddhist and Taoist figures but also landscapes and buffaloes, of which one attributed work, Meeting of Intellectuals, remains in the National Palace Museum in Taipei next to a painting by Yan Liben on a similar subject preserved in the Boston Museum of Fine Art. Qiu’s work is also embellished with a landscape....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Shizuoka (Kyuchu Island).

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Sawada Masahiro obtained a diploma from the department of sculpture at the University of Fine Arts in Tokyo. He specialised in Buddhist sculpture working mainly for the temples. From 1921 his work appeared in many group and individual exhibitions in Tokyo....

Article

Shi Ke  

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Born in Zhendu (Sichuan).

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures.

Little is known of the life of this artist, a self-styled ch’an Buddhist adept whose extravagant behaviour has passed into legend. According to one document from the first half of the 9th century, Shi Ke was a robust, straightforward fellow who liked to shock people and who preferred to paint rough, jolly rustics. Another text describes him as having absolutely no respect for rules and models. It describes his painting as hideously bizarre - unworthy of attention from civilised people. His work - or at least copies of it - so roundly condemned by the Chinese literati found ready acceptance, even deep appreciation, in Japan. The ...

Article

Shinkai  

Japanese, 13th century, male.

Active at the end of the 13th century.

Monk-painter.

Shinkai was a painter of Buddhist subjects, many of which are preserved in the Daigo-ji temple, Kyoto.

Article

Shinken  

Japanese, 13th century, male.

Born 1179; died 1261.

Monk-painter.

Shinken was a priest of the Shingon Buddhist sect and a disciple of the monk Seiken. He founded the Jizo-in sanctuary in the Daigo-ji temple, Kyoto, where a number of his Buddhist paintings are preserved.

Article

Shoga  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Active in Kyotoc.1191.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Shoga painted Buddhist subjects. One of his works survives in the Kyoo Gokoku-ji in Kyoto.

Article

Shunga  

Japanese, 13th century, male.

Active in Kyoto during the first half of the 18th century.

Monk-painter.

Shunga was a monk-painter who worked in the Jingo-ji and Kozan-ji temples at Takao, near Kyoto. He painted Buddhist subjects.

Article

Sotei  

Japanese, 17th century, male.

Born 1590; died 1662.

Painter.

Sotei painted Buddhist subjects. His successors used the same artist name.