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Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1891, in Untermhaus, near Gera (Thuringia); died 25 July 1969, in Oehningen (Lake Constance), Switzerland.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, wood engraver, etcher, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Dadaism, Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Berlin Dada.

Otto Dix was the son of a railway worker and was apprenticed to a painter and decorator from 1905 to 1909. Between the ages of 14 and 17 he studied drawing at the school of decorative arts in Gera, then he took courses at the schools of fine arts in Dresden and Düsseldorf from 1910 to 1914, a period during which he spent some time in Berlin. He volunteered as a machine gunner in World War I and was wounded twice....

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Plzen.

Painter, engraver.

Smidrove Group.

Bedrich Dlouhy studied at the academy of arts in Prague. A member of the Neo-Dadaist group Smidrove since 1954, he was an important representative of the Czech school which resisted Socialist Realism. He exhibited from his studio in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 30 August 1883, in Utrecht, to a German father; died 7 March 1931, in Davos, Switzerland.

Painter, architect.

Neo-Plasticism.

Groups: Sphinx, De Stijl, Dada, Art Concret.

Theo van Doesburg was destined first of all for a theatrical career, writing poetry, stories and plays, and then beginning as an essayist and getting articles published. He probably began painting about ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 28 July 1887 , in Blainville; died 2 October 1968 , in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), sculptor, printmaker, Ready-mades.

Dadaism, Surrealism.

Groupe de Puteaux, Société Anonyme, New York Dada.

Marcel Duchamp was one of seven children, four of whom were destined to become artists - Marcel himself, his brothers Gaston and Raymond (who came to be known as Jacques Villon and Duchamp-Villon, respectively), and his sister the painter Suzanne Duchamp, who later married Jean Crotti....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1889, in Blainville; died September 1963, in Neuilly-sur-Seine.

Painter.

Dadaism.

Suzanne Duchamp was the sister of Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Jacques Villon and Marcel Duchamp. She was particularly attached to and a confidante of the last-named, acting as his model for Apropos of Little Sister...

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 12 October 1880, in Lund; died 19 May 1925, in Berlin.

Painter, film maker.

Dadaism.

Eggeling studied in Switzerland and in Milan between 1900 and 1908. In 1911 he moved to Paris, where he became friendly with Modigliani. In 1915...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active from 1922–1941 and 1953–1970 in France, from 1941–1953 in the United States; from 1948 naturalised citizen in the United States, and from 1958 naturalised citizen in France.

Born 2 April 1891, in Brühl, near Cologne; died 1 April 1976, in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 19 May 1898, in Rome; died 1974.

Painter, engraver (wood).

Futurism, Dadaism.

Evola was initially part of the Futurist movement, but in 1918 he came into contact with Tristan Tzara and the Dada group in Zurich. He then joined the Dada movement, just as many Futurists were being influenced by the ideas expressed by Mussolini. He wrote two books in the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 1926, in Sauve; died 2 December 1987, in Les Eyzies (Dordogne).

Installation artist, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus, Conceptual Art, Mail Art (forerunner).

The French artist Robert Filliou was closely associated with the Fluxus group, his career embracing French, German and American developments. Having moved to the USA in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active from 1910 active in the USA.

Born 1874, in Swinemünde (now Swinoujscie, Poland); died 14 December 1927, in Paris.

Sculptor of assemblages, poet.

Dadaism.

Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven returned to Berlin in 1923, having spent the years from 1910...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, group.

Installation artists, photographers, performance artists. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

General Idea was a group formed in 1968 by three artists with fictitious identities: AA Bronson, born Michael Tims in Vancouver in 1946; Felix Partz, born Ron Gabe in Winnipeg in 1945; and Jorge Zontal, born Jorge Saia in Parma in ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 16 August 1877, in Stampa; died 9 July 1947, in Zurich.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, mixed media, engraver, draughtsman. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, murals.

Dadaism.

Augusto Giacometti was the younger brother of Giovanni Giacometti and the uncle of Alberto and Diego Giacometti. He has been almost forgotten today, but was well-known at the beginning of the 20th century for the monumental decorations which he was commissioned to produce. He studied at the school of decorative arts in Zurich for three years and then went to study in Paris in 1897, where he took a course at the École des Arts Décoratifs and also studied under Eugène Grasser at the training college for art teachers. He became a teacher at the art college in Florence in 1907. Between 1900 and 1916 he published his research into colour in a work entitled ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany from 1909 to 1933, in Spain from 1934 to 1952, in France from 1952 to 1955, active (and naturalised) in Brazil from 1956 to 1966, in France from 1966 to his death.

Born 1897, in Kherson; died 1970...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, film maker.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1909, in Nová Paka.

Painter.

From 1928 to 1931, Frantisek Gross studied in fine art schools in Prague, where he then lived and worked. In his early paintings influences of Surrealism and the Dada movement can be discerned, for he showed an imagination attracted to the fantastical, with unusual details in agreeably decorative compositions. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA 1932–1952.

Born 26 July 1893, in Berlin; died 6 July 1959, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, photomontage artist, collage artist, photographer.

Dadaism, Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Berlin Dadaist, ASSO Group (Association of Revolutionary Figuration Artists).

George Grosz was born of modest parents who wanted to see him enter the military or civil service. After his generally weak academic performance, he entered the Kunstakademie in Dresden at the age of 16, and then went to the Kunstgewerbeschule in Berlin. There he studied with Bruno Paul and Orlik, who had little influence over him. In 1913 he spent several months in Paris where he saw the latest Cubist works, whose influence he likewise hardly retained. He was drafted in 1914 but was wounded and returned to Berlin at the end of 1916. After a trial, after which he was condemned to pay a heavy fine and destroy 30 incriminating plates, he fled to Paris in 1924 and then to Provence. Grosz was invited to teach in 1932 at the Art Students League in New York, where he settled and took up American citizenship....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1927; died 21 June 1995, in Cologne.

Performance artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus.

Al Hansen was born in Queens, New York. He joined the US Air Force and served his country during World War II. While in Frankfurt with the Army of Occupation, he pushed a piano off the top of a five-storey building, an act he was to repeat many times elsewhere. He took part in the first demonstration of the Fluxus group in Wiesbaden in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany 1900-1933, in France from 1939.

Born 12 July 1886 , in Vienna, to Czech parents; died 1 February 1971 , in Limoges, France.

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, photographer, sculptor.

Dadaism, Visual Poetry, Sound Poetry.

Berlin Dada, Phases group.

Raoul Hausmann lived in Berlin from 1900 to 1933, having gone there to study painting and sculpture. In 1912, he published his first critical analysis in the magazine ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 19 June 1891, in Berlin-Schmargendorf; died 1968, in Berlin.

Painter, photomontage artist, photographer. Stage sets.

Dada.Berlin Dada, ASSO Group (Association of Revolutionary Figuration Artists)

John Heartfield was an apprentice in a Wiesbaden bookshop in 1905-1906. He was a pupil at the school of decorative arts in Munich ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in Switzerland from 1910.

Born 9 April 1878, in Frankenstein; died 1965, in Ascona (Ticino), Switzerland.

Painter.

Dadaism.

Artistes Radicaux Group.

Helbig studied in Dresden and travelled in Italy, before settling in Ascona, Switzerland. He exhibited in 1911-1912 with the ...