Ni Zan or Ni Tsan; Nickname: Yuanzhen, Pseudonyms: Yunlinzi, Ni Yu, Jingming Jushi
Chinese, 14th century, male.
Born 1301, in Wuxi (Jiangsu); died 1374.
Painter, calligrapher, poet. Landscapes.
Although the Mongol occupation of the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368) marked a long period of humiliation in Chinese history, it was also a period when the arts underwent an extraordinary renaissance. This is because many cultured administrators found themselves freed of any administrative or political concerns and, retreating to self-imposed isolation, had enough leisure to cultivate matters of the spirit: calligraphy, poetry and painting. Beyond the reaches of academic imperialism and the official arbiters of good taste, painting became again an activity for refined amateurs and returned to the notion of ...