6th century BC, male.
Epictetus' signature is found both as a painter and as a potter. In the period around 525-520 BC, vase painters moved from painting black figures on a red background to red figures on a black background. Naturally, this change did not take place overnight and some artists continued to paint in the older style while other, more innovative, artists developed a new style. Epictetus sometimes used the two techniques on the same vase, one on the interior and one on the exterior. Unlike his contemporary Cleophrades (also known as Epictetus II), however, he was not able to take advantage of all the implications of the new red-figure style. He produced little more than a negative version of black-figure painting: the white incisions indicating detail within the black figures are replaced by black lines that retain the stiffness of the incisions....