Chirico, Giorgio de
Italian, 20th century, male.
Born 10 July 1888, in Volos (Thessaly); died 20 November 1978, in Rome.
Painter, illustrator, sculptor writer. Scenes with figures, portraits, nudes, animals, landscapes, flowers, still-lifes. Stage sets.
Dadaism, Surrealism, Pittura Metafisica (Metaphysical Painting).
Les Artistes Italiens de Paris.
Giorgio de Chirico’s father, Evaristo, was originally from Palermo, and his mother, Gemma, from Genoa. He was born in Thessaly in Greece, where his father worked as a railway engineer – one of those ‘19th-century European engineers, bearded and powerful’, as Giorgio later described him. This Mediterranean background was an important factor in Giorgio’s development, and classical order and the harsh light of Attica continued to influence his vision, as did his classical education....