Charchoune, Serge or Sharshun
Russian, 20th century, male.
Active in France.
Born 4 August 1888 in Samara; died 24 November 1975, in Paris.
Painter (gouache), draughtsman. Still-lifes, landscapes.
Dada groups in Berlin and Paris.
After a childhood spent in the western part of the Ural mountains in a small town on the banks of the Kinel, a tributary of the Volga, Serge Charchoune became a mediocre student and had no interest in succeeding his father who owned a fabric store. Wishing instead to devote his time to pictorial art, he entered a competition for admission to the school of fine arts in Kazan, which he failed. He left for Moscow in 1909 where he worked at several Academies, meeting Mikhail Fedorovich Larionov and Natalya Gontcharova. He also discovered the Impressionists at the Tretiakov Gallery, particularly Claude Monet. Opting for desertion rather than doing his military service, he fled to Berlin and then to Paris in 1912 where he attended the Académie de la Palette’s and was taught by Henri Le Fauconnier. Since he was not a naturalised Frenchman, he was not called up for military service when war was declared in 1914 and he left for Spain. He settled in Barcelona, where he met Francis Picabia, and came into contact with the Dada Movement (which had no direct influence on his pictorial art although it did influence his writings, particularly when he returned to France in 1920). Back in Paris he was an active member of the...