American, 19th – 20th century, male.
Active in the United States.
Born 7 January 1830 , in Solingen, near Düsseldorf; died 18 February 1902 , in New York.
Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer. Figures, local figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, mountainscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals, insects...