Baldung Grien or Bauduin-Grun Hans; real name: Hans Baldung
German, 16th century, male.
Born 1484 or 1485, in Gmund (Swabia); died September 1545, in Strasbourg.
Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes.
Baldung Grien came from Alsace of a family of some social importance. His father held a position in the bishopric of Strasbourg, one of his uncles was the doctor of Emperor Maximilian and worked in Freiburg-im-Breisgau, while his brother and his cousin - both lawyers - became important officials at the imperial court. As well as his artistic studies, Baldung acquired a solid humanist education while in Strasbourg. He may have worked in the studio of Martin Schongauer, although, like his supposed birth in Weyersheim (a small village in Alsace), this has not been verified. More certain is that he completed his artistic training in Nuremberg between 1505 and 1507 as a pupil of Dürer. The two men quickly recognised each others' talents and remained friends. In 1521, when he travelled to the Netherlands, Dürer took with him several engravings by Baldung, and when he died left his former pupil a lock of his hair (now preserved in the academy in Vienna)....