Ashgabat [Pers. ‛Ashqābād; formerly Ashkhabad Askhabad, Poltoratsk]
- Sheila S. Blair
- and Jonathan M. Bloom
Capital city of Turkmenistan. Lying in an oasis south of the Karakum Desert, the city was founded in 1881 on the site of a mountain village (Rus. aul). Linked by rail with the Caspian coast in 1885, it developed rapidly as the center of the Transcaspian region at the turn of the 20th century and became the capital of the Turkmen republic in ...