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Irian Jaya [formerly West New Guinea; Western New Guinea; West Irian; Irian Barat]locked

  • A. A. Gerbrands


Indonesian province, comprising the western half of New Guinea and surrounding islands, with a population of c. 2.7 million. Formerly a Dutch colony, it was administered by Indonesia under the authority of the United Nations from 1963 until 1969, when it was formally incorporated into the Republic of Indonesia. Culturally Irian Jaya is generally classified as Melanesian rather than Indonesian. Its art has been quite widely studied and illustrated (see bibliography). There are also a number of important museum collections, both in Irian Jaya itself (e.g. Agats, Asmat Mus. Cult. & Prog.) and in the West (e.g. New York, Mus. Primitive A.: Basle, Mus. Vlkerknd.; Amsterdam, Tropenmus.; Leiden, Rijksmus. Vlkenknd.)....

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