Welcome to Oxford Art Online

  • The gateway to Oxford’s art reference works, including the peer-reviewed, regularly updated Grove® Dictionary of Art and the Benezit Dictionary of Artists
  • Includes over 200,000 articles that span ancient to contemporary art and architecture, as well as over 19,000 images of works of art, structures, plans, and artist signatures

Learn more

Conservation of stained glass

Conservation of stained glass

Modern conservation strategies favor minimal intervention. While past standards maintained that stained glass windows must be re-leaded at least every century, experts now agree that the lead matrix routinely lasts for well over a century and should be considered as part of the history of the artifact.

Andrea Mantegna

Andrea Mantegna

In Andrea Mantegna’s Dead Christ, bold foreshortening draws the viewer into the tragic scene to join the mourners gathered around the body awaiting burial, wounds exposed. Mantegna’s innovative compositions and meticulous execution helped to make him one of the preeminent artists of the 15th century.

In this update, Grove Art publishes 6 new articles, 49 emendations, and 4 article revisions. Benezit publishes 2 new entries and 10 emendations.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Benezit on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries. Follow links to related texts in Oxford Art Online and around the web to learn more about the artists in these outstanding collections.

Image of the TEFAF

Grove Guide to the Art Market

Explore the new Grove Art subject guide on the art market, which brings together articles related to finance, art law, provenance, cultural heritage, collecting, connoisseurship, galleries, auction houses, and dealers.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day. 



JANUARY 15, 2019

What's new in January 2019

In this update, Grove Art publishes 6 new articles, 49 emendations, and 4 article revisions. Benezit publishes 2 new entries and 10 emendations.

DECEMBER 14, 2018

What's new in December 2018

In this update, Benezit publishes 29 new entries. Grove Art publishes 73 emendations, 1 new article, and 36 articles that have been updated and revised with new scholarship.

NOVEMBER 9, 2018

What's new in November 2018

In this update, Grove Art publishes 26 emendations and 56 revised articles.