Welcome to Oxford Art Online

  • The gateway to Oxford’s art reference works, including the peer-reviewed, regularly updated Grove® Dictionary of Art and the Benezit Dictionary of Artists
  • Includes over 200,000 articles that span ancient to contemporary art and architecture, as well as over 19,000 images of works of art, structures, plans, and artist signatures

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Missions of New Spain

A mission in Mexio

In 16th-century New Spain (now Mexico), the Spanish Crown used missions to convert Native Americans to Catholicism and transform them into loyal subjects. By the 1540s, a standard mission plan had evolved, consisting of a church oriented east–west, a residential building (the convento or casa) against the south side of the church, and a large enclosed courtyard (the patio or atrio) at the front of the church.

Mickalene Thomas

A painting by Mickalene Thomas

In her large-scale paintings, Mickalene Thomas repurposes traditional art historical portraiture, and her work stands as a celebratory reclamation of Black identity and empowerment. Set in domestic interiors, her compositions are often centrally anchored by a powerful woman and her unflinching, provocative outward gaze.

With this update, the Grove Dictionary of Art publishes more than 100 new articles on contemporary art, Latin American art, and art markets. The Benezit Dictionary of Artists publishes 27 new entries on contemporary artists and launches a free series of collection guides for museums and galleries around the world.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Benezit on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries. Follow links to related texts in Oxford Art Online and around the web to learn more about the artists in these outstanding collections.

Art by Jane Alexander

What's New

We are pleased to reintroduce Oxford Art Online with a new look and enhanced functionality. Our latest updates to the Grove and Benezit dictionaries include new articles on contemporary artists from the Middle East and Latin America, as well as articles on art exhibitions, art collectors, and 20th century art movements.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day.