Welcome to Oxford Art Online

  • The gateway to Oxford’s art reference works, including the peer-reviewed, regularly updated Grove® Dictionary of Art and the Benezit Dictionary of Artists
  • Includes over 200,000 articles that span ancient to contemporary art and architecture, as well as over 19,000 images of works of art, structures, plans, and artist signatures
  • Have questions about how to use the redesigned website? Check out our Help page for a video demo and detailed instructions or read through our FAQs.

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Modern African Art

Uche Okeke: Ana Mmuo

Modern African art encompasses the diverse range of artistic expressions by Africans resulting from their encounter with modernity at the onset of the continent’s colonization during the late 19th century through to the decades of political emancipation in the 1960s. While some artists looked to indigenous art forms as a basis for their formal experimentation, others considered their work as an extension of international modernism.

Mary Cassatt

Mary Cassatt, photograph

Mary Cassatt was an active member of the Impressionist group in Paris and gained a lasting international reputation for her representations of mothers and children. Inspired by Degas, she formed a close relationship with the artist; he in turn appreciated her work, telling her that a woman had no right to draw as well as she did.

We are pleased to reintroduce Oxford Art Online with a new look and enhanced functionality. Forthcoming articles this winter in the Grove and Benezit dictionaries include new articles on contemporary and Latin American art.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner painting Street Dresden

Subject Guides

Learn more about major time periods and art movements with our subject guides. Each guide includes a brief introduction to a popular topic in the visual arts, with links to key essays and biographies as well as external resources.

Marta de Menezes: Functional Portrait

What's New

Grove Art is pleased to welcome Dr. Judith Rodenbeck as Editor in Chief. A specialist in modern and contemporary art, she has supervised recent commissioning to bring more living artists into the dictionary.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day.