Welcome to Oxford Art Online

  • The gateway to Oxford’s art reference works, including the peer-reviewed, regularly updated Grove® Dictionary of Art and the Benezit Dictionary of Artists
  • Includes over 200,000 articles that span ancient to contemporary art and architecture, as well as over 19,000 images of works of art, structures, plans, and artist signatures

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Viceroyalty of Brazil

Viceroyalty of Brazil

The most important paintings in the Viceroyalty of Brazil adorned architectural settings. In the 18th century, Manuel da Costa Ataíde produced brightly colored, illusionistic scenes for churches in the Minas Gerais, including the famous Glorification of the Virgin for the nave of the church of S. Francisco de Assisi in Ouro Prêto.

António de Oliveira Bernardes

António de Oliveira Bernardes

Although he also painted in oils, António de Oliveira Bernardes rose to prominence as a painter of azulejos (glazed tiles). In Braga Cathedral, he employed subtle gradations of cobalt blue in the Chapel of St. Geraldo, showing scenes from the life of the cathedral’s former archbishop as well as St. Pedro de Rates. Known for this masterful use of contrasting intensities of light, Bernardes’s work influenced both his Portuguese contemporaries and the following generation through his pupils, including his son.

In this update, Grove Art publishes 9 new articles, 12 emendations, and 3 article revisions.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Benezit on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries. Follow links to related texts in Oxford Art Online and around the web to learn more about the artists in these outstanding collections.

Image of the TEFAF

Grove Guide to the Art Market

Explore the new Grove Art subject guide on the art market, which brings together articles related to finance, art law, provenance, cultural heritage, collecting, connoisseurship, galleries, auction houses, and dealers.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day. 



FEBRUARY 28, 2019

What's new in February 2019

In this update, Grove Art publishes 9 new articles, 12 emendations, and 3 article revisions.

JANUARY 15, 2019

What's new in January 2019

In this update, Grove Art publishes 6 new articles, 49 emendations, and 4 article revisions. Benezit publishes 2 new entries and 10 emendations.

DECEMBER 14, 2018

What's new in December 2018

In this update, Benezit publishes 29 new entries. Grove Art publishes 73 emendations, 1 new article, and 36 articles that have been updated and revised with new scholarship.